irritable bowel syndrome

irritable bowel syndrome
a common condition in which recurrent abdominal pain with constipation and/or diarrhoea continues for years without any general deterioration in physical health. There is no detectable structural disease; the symptoms are caused by abnormal muscular contractions in the intestine and heightened sensitivity to such stimuli as stretching or distension. The cause is unknown, but the condition is often associated with stress or anxiety and may follow severe infection of the intestine. Tests may be needed to rule out organic disease. Treatment is based on removing anxiety (psychotherapy), dietary adjustment and faecal softening agents, and drugs to reduce spasm or diminish pain sensitivity.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • irritable bowel syndrome — n a chronic functional disorder of the colon that is of unknown etiology but is often considered to be of psychophysiological origin and that is characterized by diarrhea or constipation or diarrhea alternating with constipation, abdominal pain… …   Medical dictionary

  • irritable bowel syndrome — n. a chronic gastrointestinal ailment lacking a specific known cause, characterized by abdominal pain, cramps, and diarrhea: abbrev. IBS …   English World dictionary

  • Irritable bowel syndrome — This article is about a functional disorder. For bowel inflammation, see Inflammatory bowel disease. Irritable bowel syndrome Classification and external resources ICD 10 K58 ICD 9 …   Wikipedia

  • irritable bowel syndrome — noun recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhea (often alternating with periods of constipation); often associated with emotional stress • Syn: ↑spastic colon, ↑mucous colitis • Hypernyms: ↑colitis, ↑inflammatory bowel disease * * * ˌirritable ˈbowel… …   Useful english dictionary

  • irritable bowel syndrome — Pathol. any combination of common disturbances of the bowel, as diarrhea or constipation, occurring with abdominal pain, sometimes accompanied by psychological stress. Abbr.: IBS Also called irritable colon, spastic colon. * * * or IBS Chronic… …   Universalium

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome —    (IBS)    This is a common and generally benign condition of the colon, taking different forms but usually characterized by alternating constipation and diarrhea. There is often some pain accompanying the diarrhea phase. The bowel equivalent of …   Herbal-medical glossary

  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) — A common gastrointestinal disorder involving an abnormal condition of gut contractions (motility) characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, mucous in stools, and irregular bowel habits with alternating diarrhea and constipation, symptoms that… …   Medical dictionary

  • irritable bowel syndrome — noun Date: 1943 a chronic functional disorder of the colon that is characterized especially by constipation or diarrhea, cramping abdominal pain, and the passage of mucus in the stool abbreviation IBS …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • irritable bowel syndrome — noun A functional disorder causing the nerves and muscles of the large intestine to be oversensitive, leading to symptoms such as cramp, bloating, flatulence, diarrhoea and constipation …   Wiktionary

  • irritable bowel syndrome — noun a condition involving recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhoea or constipation, often associated with stress or previous infection …   English new terms dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”