skin test

skin test
skin test n a test (as a scratch test or a tuberculin test) for an allergic or immune response to a substance that is performed by administering the substance to or through the skin and is used esp. in detecting allergic hypersensitivity

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any test in which an antigen is applied to the skin in order to observe the response of the patient, described according to method of application, such as patch tests, scratch tests, and intradermal tests. Skin tests are used to determine prior exposure or immunity to an infectious disease (e.g., tuberculin test), to identify allergens producing allergic reactions, and to assess ability to mount a cellular immune response (using a battery of antigens that give positive test results in most normal individuals).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • skin test — n. any test for detecting the presence of a disease or allergy from the reaction of the skin to a test substance …   English World dictionary

  • skin test — skin′ test n. imu a medical test in which a substance is introduced into the skin, as for the detection of an antibody reaction to an infectious disease • Etymology: 1925–30 …   From formal English to slang

  • skin test — noun any test to determine immunity or sensitivity to a disease by introducing small amounts on or into the skin • Hypernyms: ↑diagnostic test, ↑diagnostic assay • Hyponyms: ↑Dick test, ↑patch test, ↑Schick test, ↑scratch test, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • skin test — a test in which a substance is introduced into the skin, as by application to a purposely abraded area or by injection, for the detection of allergic sensitivity to a specific pollen, protein, etc., or of the presence of a disease. [1925 30] * *… …   Universalium

  • skin test antigen — the antigen used in a skin test (see under test) …   Medical dictionary

  • skin test — noun Date: 1925 a test (as a scratch test) performed on the skin and used in detecting allergic hypersensitivity …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • skin test — noun a test to determine whether an immune reaction is elicited when a substance is applied to or injected into the skin …   English new terms dictionary

  • skin test — A test for an immune response to a compound by placing it on or under the skin …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • Skin test for immunity — A method of evaluating whether a person has developed an immune response to certain infections. A substance is injected into the deep layer of the skin (dermis), which will cause a reaction if the immune system recognizes it. One of the most… …   Medical dictionary

  • tuberculin skin test — noun a skin test to determine past or present infection with the tuberculosis bacterium; based on hypersensitivity of the skin to tuberculin • Syn: ↑tuberculin test • Hypernyms: ↑skin test • Hyponyms: ↑Mantoux test, ↑tine test …   Useful english dictionary

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