Skin test for immunity

Skin test for immunity
A method of evaluating whether a person has developed an immune response to certain infections. A substance is injected into the deep layer of the skin (dermis), which will cause a reaction if the immune system recognizes it. One of the most common skin tests is the tuberculin test, which reveals whether a person has been exposed to tuberculosis. The injection is placed on the inside of the forearm. A positive reaction results in a firm area of skin within two days.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • skin test — n a test (as a scratch test or a tuberculin test) for an allergic or immune response to a substance that is performed by administering the substance to or through the skin and is used esp. in detecting allergic hypersensitivity * * * any test in… …   Medical dictionary

  • skin test — noun any test to determine immunity or sensitivity to a disease by introducing small amounts on or into the skin • Hypernyms: ↑diagnostic test, ↑diagnostic assay • Hyponyms: ↑Dick test, ↑patch test, ↑Schick test, ↑scratch test, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • skin test — a test in which a substance is introduced into the skin, as by application to a purposely abraded area or by injection, for the detection of allergic sensitivity to a specific pollen, protein, etc., or of the presence of a disease. [1925 30] * *… …   Universalium

  • mumps skin test — (for immunity to mumps) an intradermal test formerly widely used to determine previous exposure to mumps virus; killed virus (mumps skin test antigen) is injected intradermally; a positive response is development of tuberculin type delayed… …   Medical dictionary

  • Moloney test — Skin test for immunity to diphtheria in which active toxin is injected into one site and toxoid into another. This is to control for pseudopositive reactions to the toxin …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Schick test — noun a skin test for immunity to diphtheria • Hypernyms: ↑skin test * * * ˈshik noun Usage: usually capitalized S Etymology: after Béla Schick died 1967 American pediatrician : a test for susceptibility to diphtheria performed by injecting a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Mantoux test — [ mɒMantoux testtu:, mantu:] noun Medicine a skin test for immunity to tuberculosis using the injection of tuberculin. Origin 1930s: named after the French physician Charles Mantoux …   English new terms dictionary

  • test — 1. To prove; to try a substance; to determine the chemical nature of a substance by means of reagents. 2. A method of examination, as to determine the presence or absence of a definite disease or of some substance in any of the fluids, tissues,… …   Medical dictionary

  • intracutaneous test — noun : a test for immunity or hypersensitivity to a particular antigen made by injecting a minute amount of diluted antigen into the skin compare patch test, scratch test * * * Immunol. a test for immunity or allergy to a particular antigen by… …   Useful english dictionary

  • intradermal test — n a test for immunity or hypersensitivity made by injecting a minute amount of diluted antigen into the skin called also intracutaneous test compare PATCH TEST, PRICK TEST, SCRATCH TEST …   Medical dictionary

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