Antibiotic resistance

Antibiotic resistance
The ability of bacteria and other microorganisms to withstand an antibiotic to which they were once sensitive (and were once stalled or killed outright). Also called drug resistance.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Antibiotic resistance — is a type of drug resistance where a microorganism is able to survive exposure to an antibiotic. While a spontaneous or induced genetic mutation in bacteria may confer resistance to antimicrobial drugs, genes that confer resistance can be… …   Wikipedia

  • antibiotic resistance — antibiotic resistance. См. устойчивость к антибиотикам. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • antibiotic resistance — noun (biology) A property of certain micro organisms or cells which enables them to survive high concentrations of a normally lethal agent, usu acquired by the selection of a rare resistant mutant in the presence of low concentrations of the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • antibiotic resistance marker gene — Abbreviation: ARMG Genes (usually of bacterial origin) used as selection markers in transgenesis, because their presence allows cell survival in the presence of normally toxic antibiotic agents. These genes were commonly used in the development… …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • antibiotic resistance — The ability of a micro organism to disable an antibiotic or prevent its transport into the cell …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • antibiotic resistance gene — Gene that encodes an enzyme that degrades or excretes an antibiotic, so conferring resistance. Frequently found in cloning vectors like plasmids, and sometimes in natural populations of bacteria. Example: bacterial ampicillin resistance is… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Origin of antibiotic resistance — The origin of antibiotic resistance is an area of active study. There is evidence that naturally occurring antibiotic resistance is common.[1] The genes that confer this resistance are known as the environmental resistome.[1] These genes may be… …   Wikipedia

  • Antibiotic misuse — Antibiotic misuse, (sometimes called antibiotic abuse or antibiotic overuse) refers to the misuse and overuse of antibiotics which has serious effects on public health. Antibiotic resistant bacteria is a growing threat and becoming increasingly… …   Wikipedia

  • Resistance — may refer to: Physics * Electrical resistance, a measure of the degree to which an object opposes an electric current through it * Friction, the force that opposes (relative) motion ** Drag (physics) ( air resistance ), fluid or gas forces… …   Wikipedia

  • Antibiotic — In modern usage, an antibiotic is a chemotherapeutic agent with activity against microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi or protozoa. [cite book|author=Davey PG|chapter=Antimicrobial chemotherapy|editor=Ledingham JGG, Warrell DA|title=Concise… …   Wikipedia

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