turpentine

turpentine
An oleoresin from Pinus palustris and other species of Pinus; source of t. oil and a constituent of stimulating ointments. [G. terebinthinos, pertaining to terebinthos, the terebinth tree]
- Canada t. SYN: Canada balsam.
- Chian t. an exudation from Pistacia terebinthus, a small tree of Chios and regions eastward; on exposure to air it thickens and forms translucent yellow masses similar to mastic.
- larch t. a transparent, yellowish, thick liquid, the oleoresin obtained from Larix europaea (family Pinaceae). SYN: Venice t..
- Venice t. SYN: larch t..
- white t. t. from Pinus palustris.

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tur·pen·tine 'tər-pən-.tīn, 'tərp-əm- n
1 a) a yellow to brown semifluid oleoresin obtained as an exudate from the terebinth (Pistacia terebinthus) of the sumac family
b) an oleoresin obtained from various conifers (as some pines and firs)
2 a) an essential oil obtained from turpentines by distillation and used esp. as a solvent and thinner called also oil of turpentine
b) a similar oil obtained by distillation or carbonization of pinewood called also wood turpentine

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tur·pen·tine (turґpən-tīn) [L. terebinthina] the concrete oleoresin obtained from Pinus palustris and other species of Pinus. It contains a volatile oil, turpentine oil (q.v.) to which its properties are due, and in which form it is generally used.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Turpentine — Tur pen*tine, n. [F. t[ e]r[ e]bentine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree. Gr. ?, ?. See {Terebinth}.] A semifluid… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • turpentine — [tʉr′pən tīn΄] n. [ME turpentyne < OFr terbentine < L terebinthinus, of the turpentine tree < terebinthus: see TEREBINTH] 1. the brownish yellow, sticky, semifluid oleoresin exuding from the terebinth 2. any of the various sticky, viscid …   English World dictionary

  • turpentine — ► NOUN 1) (also crude or gum turpentine) a resinous oily substance secreted by certain pines and other trees and distilled to make rosin and oil of turpentine. 2) (also oil of turpentine) a volatile pungent oil distilled from this, used in mixing …   English terms dictionary

  • turpentine — early 14c., terbentyn, from O.Fr. terebinte, from L. terebintha resina resin of the terebinth tree, from Gk. rhetine terebinthe, from fem. of terebinthos, earlier terminthos terebinth tree, probably from a non I.E. language. By 16c. applied… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Turpentine — For other uses, see Turpentine (disambiguation). Turpentine (also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, and wood turpentine) is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin obtained from trees, mainly pine trees. It is composed of… …   Wikipedia

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  • turpentine — tur•pen•tine [[t]ˈtɜr pənˌtaɪn[/t]] n. v. tined, tin•ing 1) chem. pln any of various oleoresins derived from coniferous trees and yielding a volatile oil and a resin when distilled 2) chem. Also called oil of turpentine spirits of turpentine a… …   From formal English to slang

  • turpentine — I. noun Etymology: Middle English terbentyne, turpentyne, from Anglo French & Medieval Latin; Anglo French terebentine, from Medieval Latin terbentina, from Latin terebinthina, feminine of terebinthinus of terebinth, from terebinthus terebinth,… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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  • turpentine —    A high quality oil paint thinner and solvent. It is produced by distilling into a volatile pungent oil the resin secreted by any of several types of coniferous trees. There are several grades of turpentine, the best usually called pure gum… …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • turpentine — /ˈtɜpəntaɪn / (say terpuhntuyn) noun 1. an oleoresin exuding from the terebinth, Pistacia terebinthus. 2. any of various oleoresins derived from coniferous trees, especially the longleaf pine, Pinus palustris, and yielding a volatile oil and a… …   Australian-English dictionary

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