The reaction of a dissolved salt with the solvent to form an acid and a base; the (partial) reverse of neutralization. If the solvent is water, an amphiprotic solvent, s. is called hydrolysis.

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sol·vol·y·sis säl-'väl-ə-səs, sȯl- n, pl -y·ses -.sēz a chemical reaction (as hydrolysis) of a solvent and solute that results in the formation of new compounds

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sol·vol·y·sis (sol-volґĭ-sis) a general term for double decomposition reactions of the type of hydrolysis, ammonolysis, and sulfolysis.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • solvolysis — [säl väl′ə sis, sôlväl′ə sis] n. [< SOLVENT + O + LYSIS] a chemical interaction, as hydrolysis, between a solute and solvent, with the production of new compounds …   English World dictionary

  • solvolysis — solvolytic /sol veuh lit ik/, adj. /sol vol euh sis/, n. Chem. a chemical reaction in which the solvent and solute interact; lyolysis. [1920 25; < NL; see SOLVE, O , LYSIS] * * * ▪ chemistry       a chemical reaction in which the solvent, such as …   Universalium

  • solvolysis — solvolizė statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Tirpinamos medžiagos ir tirpiklio reakcija bei susidariusio produkto skilimas. atitikmenys: angl. lyolysis; solvolysis rus. сольволиз …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • solvolysis — noun Etymology: New Latin, from English solvent + New Latin o + lysis Date: 1916 a chemical reaction (as hydrolysis) of a solvent and solute that results in the formation of new compounds • solvolytic adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • solvolysis — noun any reaction, between a solute and its solvent, in which one or more bonds of the solute are broken; specifically a substitution, elimination or fragmentation reaction in which the solvent is the nucleophile See Also …   Wiktionary

  • solvolysis — n. chemical process by which a solute and solvent form a new compound …   English contemporary dictionary

  • solvolysis — sol·vol·y·sis …   English syllables

  • solvolysis — sälˈväləsə̇s, sȯl noun Etymology: solvent + o + lysis : a chemical reaction of a solvent and a dissolved substance with the formation typically of one or two or more new compounds : either hydrolysis or an analogous reaction (as alcoholysis or… …   Useful english dictionary

  • SN1 reaction — The SN1 reaction is a substitution reaction in organic chemistry. SN stands for nucleophilic substitution and the 1 represents the fact that the rate determining step is unimolecular [ L. G. Wade, Jr., Organic Chemistry , 6th ed.,… …   Wikipedia

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