hearing impairment, hearing loss

hearing impairment, hearing loss
A reduction in the ability to perceive sound; may range from slight inability to complete deafness. SEE ALSO: deafness, threshold shift.
- acoustic trauma hearing loss sensory hearing loss due to exposure to high-intensity noise.
- Alexander h. [MIM*203500] high frequency deafness due to membranous cochlear dysplasia.
- boilermaker's hearing loss SYN: noise-induced hearing loss.
- conductive h. a form of h. due to a lesion in the external auditory canal or middle ear.
- functional h. SYN: psychogenic h..
- hereditary h. h. occurring in syndromic forms (in which there are other anomalies in addition to the h.) and nonsyndromic forms (in which h. is the only unusual finding) with autosomal dominant and recessive, X-linked, and mitochondrial modes of transmission; may be congenital, of early onset in childhood, or late onset in mid-life and advanced age.
- high-frequency h. selective loss of hearing for high frequencies, usually associated with sensory damage; common in acoustic trauma and noise-induced hearing loss.
- hysterical h. SYN: psychogenic h..
- industrial hearing loss SYN: noise-induced hearing loss.
- low-tone hearing loss inability to hear low notes or frequencies.
- mixed hearing loss combination of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.
- Mondini h. the h. resulting from the structural aberration of Mondini dysplasia.
- neural hearing loss form of sensorineural hearing loss due to a lesion in the auditory division of the 8th cranial nerve.
- noise-induced hearing loss sensory hearing loss due to exposure to intense impulse or continuous sound. SYN: boilermaker's hearing loss, industrial hearing loss, occupational hearing loss.
- occupational hearing loss SYN: noise-induced hearing loss.
- organic h. deafness due to a pathologic process or an organic cause, as opposed to psychogenic h..
- perceptive h. former term for sensorineural deafness.
- psychogenic h. h. without evidence of organic cause; often follows severe psychic shock. SYN: functional h., hysterical h..
- retrocochlear hearing loss term for sensorineural h.; suggesting a lesion proximal to the cochlea.
- Scheibe h. h. due to cochleosaccular dysplasia; usually autosomal recessive inheritance.
- sensorineural hearing loss a form of hearing loss due to a lesion of the auditory division of the 8th cranial nerve or the inner ear.
- sensory h. form of sensorineural h. caused by a lesion in the inner ear.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hearing loss with craniofacial syndromes — is a common occurrence. Many of these multianomaly disorders involve structural malformations of the outer or middle ear, making a significant hearing loss highly likely. Treacher Collins syndrome Individuals with Treacher Collins syndrome often… …   Wikipedia

  • hearing loss and hallucinations —    The association between auditory hallucinations and severe hearing loss has been known for some time. Not unlike the visual hallucinations within the context of Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS), auditory hallucinations against the background of… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Noise-induced hearing loss — (NIHL) is an increasingly prevalent disorder that results from exposure to high intensity sound, especially over a long period of time. Contents 1 Description 2 Mechanism 3 Types 3.1 …   Wikipedia

  • hearing loss — noun partial or complete loss of hearing • Syn: ↑deafness • Derivationally related forms: ↑deaf (for: ↑deafness) • Hypernyms: ↑hearing impairment, ↑hearin …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sensorineural hearing loss — Classification and external resources Cross section of the cochlea. ICD 10 H …   Wikipedia

  • Unilateral hearing loss — DiseaseDisorder infobox Name = PAGENAME ICD10 = ICD10|H|90|1|h|90, ICD10|H|90|4|h|90, ICD10|H|90|7|h|90 ICD9 = ICDO = Caption = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = DiseasesDB = Unilateral hearing loss (UHL) or single sided… …   Wikipedia

  • Central hearing loss — Classification and external resources MeSH D006313 Central hearing loss is a form of sensorineural hearing loss caused by damage to the auditory pathways. When the damage is to the primary auditory cortex, the impairment is called cortic …   Wikipedia

  • Congenital hearing loss — implies that the hearing loss is present at birth. It can include hereditary hearing loss or hearing loss due to other factors present either in utero (prenatal) or at the time of birth. Contents 1 Genetic factors 2 Hearing loss 2.1 Autosomal… …   Wikipedia

  • Conductive hearing loss — Classification and external resources Anatomy of the human ear. ICD 10 H …   Wikipedia

  • conductive hearing loss — noun hearing loss due to problems with the bones of the middle ear • Syn: ↑conduction deafness, ↑middle ear deafness • Hypernyms: ↑hearing impairment, ↑hearing disorder …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”