- 1. A study in which the investigator intentionally alters one or more factors under controlled conditions in order to study the effects of doing so. 2. In nuclear magnetic resonance, the term applied to a pulse sequence. [L. experimentum, fr. experior, to test, try]- control e. an e. used to check another, to verify the result, or to demonstrate what would have occurred had the factor under study been omitted. SEE ALSO: control, control animal.- delayed reaction e. a method of measuring memory : a stimulus is presented and removed before the organism is permitted to respond to it; the interval during which the stimulus is absent, providing the organism responds correctly, is an indication of the length of memory.- double blind e. an e. conducted with neither experimenter nor subjects knowing which e. is the control; prevents bias in recording results. SEE ALSO: double-masked e..- double-masked e. a double-blind study conducted so neither the subject nor the observer knows the identity of the control or variable.- factorial experiments an experimental design in which two or more series of treatments are tried in all combinations.- hertzian experiments experiments demonstrating that electromagnetic induction is propagated in waves, analogous to waves of light but not affecting the retina.- Mariotte e. an e. in which one looks fixedly with one eye (the other being closed), at a black dot on a card, on which is also marked a black cross; as the card is moved to or from the eye, at a certain distance the cross becomes invisible but appears again as the card is moved further; this proves the absence of photoreceptors where the optic nerve enters the eye.- pulse-chase e. an e. in which an enzyme, a metabolic pathway, a culture of cells, etc., interacts with a brief addition (pulse) of a labeled compound followed by its removal and replacement (chase) by an excess of unlabeled compound.- Scheiner e. a demonstration of accommodation; through two minute holes in a card, separated from each other by less than the diameter of the pupil, one looks at a pin; at a short distance from the eye the pin appears double; as it is moved from the eye a point is found where it appears single, and beyond which it remains single for the emmetropic eye, but for the myopic eye it soon again becomes double.
* * *ex·per·i·ment ik-'sper-ə-məntalso -'spir- n1) a procedure carried out under controlled conditions in order to discover an unknown effect or law, to test or establish a hypothesis, or to illustrate a known law2) the process of testing: EXPERIMENTATIONex·per·i·ment -.ment vi to carry out experimentsex·per·i·men·ta·tion ik-.sper-ə-mən-'tā-shən, -.men-also -.spir- nex·per·i·ment·er -'sper-ə-.ment-əralso -'spir- n
* * *ex·per·i·ment (ek-sperґĭ-mənt) [L. experimentum proof from experience] a procedure done in order to discover or to demonstrate some fact or general truth.
Medical dictionary. 2011.