cholangitis

cholangitis
Inflammation of a bile duct or the entire biliary tree. SYN: angiocholitis, cholangeitis. [chol- + G. angeion, vessel, + -itis, inflammation]
- ascending c. SYN: c. lenta.
- c. lenta (len-ta′) low-grade bacterial infection of the biliary tract; sometimes a cause of fever of unknown origin. SYN: ascending c..
- primary sclerosing c. recurrent or persistent obstructive jaundice, frequently with ulcerative colitis, due to extensive obliterative fibrosis of the extrahepatic or intrahepatic bile ducts; generally progresses to cirrhosis, portal hypertension, and liver failure; seen most commonly in young men.
- recurrent pyogenic c. repeated attacks of c., most commonly noted among Asians living in Asia, associated with the presence of multiple intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile duct stricutures and stones.

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chol·an·gi·tis .kō-.lan-'jīt-əs n, pl -git·i·des -'jit-ə-.dēz inflammation of one or more bile ducts called also angiocholitis

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n.
inflammation of the bile ducts. It usually occurs when the ducts are obstructed, especially by stones, or after operations on the bile ducts. Symptoms include intermittent fever, usually with rigor, and intermittent jaundice (a combination known as Charcot's triad). Initial treatment is by antibiotics, but removal of the obstruction is essential for permanent cure. Liver abscess is a possible complication, and recurrent episodes of cholangitis lead to secondary biliary cirrhosis. Sclerosing cholangitis is a characteristic but rare complication of ulcerative colitis in which all the bile ducts develop irregularities and narrowing.

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cho·lan·gi·tis (ko″lan-jiґtis) [cholangi- + -itis] inflammation of a bile duct or bile ducts.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Cholangitis — Entzündung der Gallengänge * * * Cholangitis   [ç ] die, /... tiden, Entzündung der Gallenwege (Gallenblasenentzündung). * * * Cho|lan|gi|tis, die; , ...itiden (Med.): Entzündung der Gallengänge (einschließlich der Gallenblase) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Cholangitis (disambiguation) — Cholangitis is any inflammation of the biliary tree, including: Ascending cholangitis, a severe acute bacterial infection associated with gallstones in the common bile duct Primary sclerosing cholangitis, a chronic autoimmune disease leading to… …   Wikipedia

  • Cholangitis-Cholangiohepatitis-Komplex — Der Cholangitis Cholangiohepatitis Komplex (CCH Komplex) ist eine entzündliche Erkrankung der Gallenwege bei Katzen. Die Ursache der Erkrankung ist ungeklärt. Die Krankheit zeigt sich in unspezifischen klinischen Erscheinungen und ist durch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cholangitis, sclerosing — A chronic disorder of the liver in which the ducts carrying bile from the liver to the intestine and, often, the ducts carrying bile within the liver, become inflamed, thickened and scared (sclerotic), and obstructed. This relentlessly… …   Medical dictionary

  • cholangitis lenta — chronic infectious cholangitis without gallstones or biliary tract obstruction …   Medical dictionary

  • cholangitis — noun An inflammation of the bile duct …   Wiktionary

  • Cholangitis — Chol|an|gi|tis auch: Cho|lan|gi|tis 〈 [xol ] f.; Gen.: , Pl.: gi|ti|den; Med.〉 Entzündung der Gallengänge [Etym.: <grch. chole »Galle« + aggeion »Gefäß«] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

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