- : A slow heart rate, usually defined as less than 60 beats per minute. The word bradycardia is logically derived from two Greek roots: bradys, slow + cardia, heart = slow heart.
* * *Slowness of the heartbeat, usually defined (by convention) as a rate under 50 beats/min. SYN: brachycardia, bradyrhythmia. [brady- + G. kardia, heart]- central b. b. due to disease of the central nervous system, usually with increased intracranial pressure.- essential b. a slow pulse for which no cause can be discovered. SYN: idiopathic b..- idiopathic b. SYN: essential b..- nodal b. SYN: atrioventricular junctional rhythm.- postinfectious b. a toxic b. occurring during convalescence from various infectious diseases, such as influenza.- vagal b. any excessive cardiac slowing due to stimulation of the vagus nerves.- ventricular b. slowness of ventricular rate, usually implying the presence of atrioventricular block.
* * *bra·dy·car·dia .brād-i-'kärd-ē-əalso .brad- n relatively slow heart action whether physiological or pathological compare TACHYCARDIA
* * *n.slowing of the heart rate to less than 50 beats per minute. Sinus bradycardia is often found in healthy individuals, especially athletes, but it is also seen in some patients with reduced thyroid activity, jaundice, hypothermia, or vasovagal attack. Bradycardia may also result from arrhythmia, especially complete heart block, when the slowing is often extreme and often causes loss of consciousness.
* * *brady·car·dia (brad″e-kahrґde-ə) [brady- + Gr. kardia heart] slowness of the heartbeat, as evidenced by slowing of the pulse rate to less than 60.
Medical dictionary. 2011.