: A short head, one that is short in diameter from front to back. Brachycephaly is a frequent feature of syndromes of congenital malformation (birth defect complexes) including Down syndrome (trisomy 21). The word brachycephaly or, as it sometimes referred to, brachycephalia comes from the Greek brachys, short + kephale, head.
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Disproportionate shortness of head, the skull having a cephalic index of over 80; among the brachycephalic races are the Native Americans, Malays, and Burmese. SYN: brachycephalia, brachycephalism. [brachy- + G. kephale, head]

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shortness of the skull, with a cephalic index of about 80.

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brachy·ceph·a·ly (brak″e-sefґə-le) [brachy- + Gr. -cephaly] having a comparatively short head, with a cephalic index of 81.0 to 85.4, a characteristic of American Indians, Malayans, and Burmese.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brachycephaly — Brach y*ceph a*ly, Brachycephalism Brach y*ceph a*lism, n. [Cf. F. Brachyc[ e]phalie] . (Anat.) The state or condition of being brachycephalic; shortness of head. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Brachycephaly — DiseaseDisorder infobox Name = PAGENAME ICD10 = ICD9 = ICD9|756.0 ICDO = Caption = OMIM = OMIM mult = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = DiseasesDB = 29893 Brachycephaly, also known as flat head syndrome, is a type of cephalic… …   Wikipedia

  • brachycephaly — noun see brachycephalic …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • brachycephaly — See brachycephalic. * * * …   Universalium

  • brachycephaly — noun A congenital condition wherein the skull is flattened front to back, so that the head is short and broad. See Also: cephalic index, plagiocephaly, scaphocephaly …   Wiktionary

  • brachycephaly — n. condition of having a short head (Medicine) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • brachycephaly — brachy·ceph·a·ly …   English syllables

  • brachycephaly — n. shortness of the skull, with a cephalic index of about 80. Derivatives: brachycephalic adj …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • brachycephaly — /brækiˈsɛfəli/ (say brakee sefuhlee) noun an abnormality of the skull in which the shape of the head is disproportionately wide and flattens towards the top, usually caused by premature fusion of the coronal sutures, or by external deformation… …  

  • brachycephaly — noun the quality of being brachycephalic • Syn: ↑brachycephalism • Derivationally related forms: ↑brachycephalic • Hypernyms: ↑quality * * * lē noun ( …   Useful english dictionary

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