- The branch of medicine concerned with diseases peculiar to the male sex, particularly infertility and sexual dysfunction. [andro- + G. logos, treatise]
* * *an·drol·o·gy -jē n, pl -gies a branch of medicine concerned with male diseases and esp. with those affecting the male reproductive system
* * *n.1. the study of male infertility and impotence. seminal analysis reveals the presence of gross abnormalities in the shape and motility of spermatozoa, as well as their concentration in the semen, but further procedures are required to diagnose the underlying causes of the sperm dysfunction. These include the diagnosis of abnormalities in the genital tract (e.g. varicocele, obstruction of the vas deferens), which may be corrected surgically, and testing for the presence of antisperm antibodies in the semen and for the ability of the sperm to penetrate the cervical mucus, as well as for the presence of hormonal disorders. More sophisticated techniques include computer-assisted quantitative motility measurements, which monitor the precise speed and motility patterns of individual sperm; biochemical tests for the production of free oxygen radicals, which cause damage to developing sperm; and acrosome-reaction assays, which reveal the ability of the sperm to penetrate the barriers surrounding the ovum. The development of all these techniques has enabled the identification of several previously undiagnosed causes of infertility and the selection of treatments most likely to succeed in remedying them.2. the study of androgen production and the relationship of plasma androgen to androgen action. This study is necessary to understand hirsutism and other conditions caused by abnormal androgen production.
* * *an·drol·o·gy (an-drolґə-je) [andro- + -logy] scientific study of the male body and diseases and conditions specific to males, such as diseases of the male reproductive organs.
Medical dictionary. 2011.