andrology

andrology
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases peculiar to the male sex, particularly infertility and sexual dysfunction. [andro- + G. logos, treatise]

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an·drol·o·gy -jē n, pl -gies a branch of medicine concerned with male diseases and esp. with those affecting the male reproductive system

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n.
1. the study of male infertility and impotence. seminal analysis reveals the presence of gross abnormalities in the shape and motility of spermatozoa, as well as their concentration in the semen, but further procedures are required to diagnose the underlying causes of the sperm dysfunction. These include the diagnosis of abnormalities in the genital tract (e.g. varicocele, obstruction of the vas deferens), which may be corrected surgically, and testing for the presence of antisperm antibodies in the semen and for the ability of the sperm to penetrate the cervical mucus, as well as for the presence of hormonal disorders. More sophisticated techniques include computer-assisted quantitative motility measurements, which monitor the precise speed and motility patterns of individual sperm; biochemical tests for the production of free oxygen radicals, which cause damage to developing sperm; and acrosome-reaction assays, which reveal the ability of the sperm to penetrate the barriers surrounding the ovum. The development of all these techniques has enabled the identification of several previously undiagnosed causes of infertility and the selection of treatments most likely to succeed in remedying them.
2. the study of androgen production and the relationship of plasma androgen to androgen action. This study is necessary to understand hirsutism and other conditions caused by abnormal androgen production.

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an·drol·o·gy (an-drolґə-je) [andro- + -logy] scientific study of the male body and diseases and conditions specific to males, such as diseases of the male reproductive organs.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Andrology — (from Greek gr. ἀνήρ, anēr , genitive gr. ἀνδρός, andros , man ; and gr. λογία, logia ) is the medical specialty that deals with male health, particularly relating to the problems of the male reproductive system and urological problems that are… …   Wikipedia

  • andrology — Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: circa 1899 a branch of medicine concerned with male diseases and especially with those affecting the male reproductive system …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • andrology — /an drol euh jee/, n. the study of the functions and diseases peculiar to males, esp. of the reproductive organs. [1970 75; ANDRO + LOGY] * * * …   Universalium

  • andrology — noun A branch of medicine concerned with male diseases and especially with those affecting the male reproductive system …   Wiktionary

  • andrology — n. scientific study of the male constitution; branch of medicine that studies and deals with diseases that are unique to the male sex such as infertility and sexual malfunction …   English contemporary dictionary

  • andrology — n. 1) the study of male infertility and erectile dysfunction. Seminal analysis reveals the presence of gross abnormalities in the shape and motility of spermatozoa, as well as their concentration in the semen, but further procedures are required… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • andrology — /ænˈdrɒlədʒi/ (say an droluhjee) noun that branch of medical science which deals with the anatomy, physiology, and diseases of men, especially those affecting the reproductive organs. Compare gynaecology. {Greek combining form andr male + o +… …   Australian-English dictionary

  • andrology — /an drol euh jee/, n. the study of the functions and diseases peculiar to males, esp. of the reproductive organs. [1970 75; ANDRO + LOGY] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Андрология (Andrology) — 1. Раздел медицины, занимающийся импотенцией и бесплодием у мужчин. Анализ спермы позволяет выявить наличие большого количества аномалий формы и подвижности сперматозоидов, а также установить их концентрацию в семени, однако для определения… …   Медицинские термины

  • ARIS — Andrology Research Information System; Anturan Reinfarction Italian Study; auto regulated inspiratory support …   Medical dictionary

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