congenital dislocation of the hip

congenital dislocation of the hip
an abnormality present at birth in which the head of the femur is displaced or easily displaceable from the acetabulum (socket) of the ilium, which is poorly developed; it frequently affects both hip joints. CDH occurs in about 1.5 per 1000 live births, being more common in first-born girls, in breech deliveries, and if there is a family history of the condition. The leg is shortened and has a reduced range of movement, and the skin creases may be asymmetrical. All babies are routinely screened for CDH at birth and at developmental check-ups by gentle manipulation of the hip causing it to be reduced and dislocated with a clunk (see Barlow manoeuvre, Ortolani manoeuvre). The diagnosis is confirmed by X-ray or ultrasound scan. Treatment is with a special harness holding the hip in the correct position. If this is unsuccessful, the hip is reduced under anaesthetic and held with a plaster of Paris cast or the defect is corrected by surgery. Successful treatment of an infant can give a normal hip; if the dislocation is not detected, the <

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • congenital dislocation of the hip — CDH an abnormality present at birth in which the head of the femur is displaced or easily displaceable from the acetabulum (socket) of the ilium, which is poorly developed; it frequently affects both hip joints. CDH occurs in about 1.5 per 1000… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • congenital dislocation of the hip — (CDH) developmental dysplasia of the hip …   Medical dictionary

  • Вывих Бедра Врожденный (Congenital Dislocation Of The Hip (Cdfi)) — одна из наиболее распространенных аномалий, выявляющаяся у детей при рождении, когда головка бедренной кости смещается из вертлужной впадины подвздошной кости вследствие ее недоразвития; часто поражаются оба тазобедренных сустава. Врожденный… …   Медицинские термины

  • DDH (developmental dislocation of the hip) — The abnormal formation of the hip joint in which the ball at the top of the thighbone (the femoral head) is not stable within the socket (the acetabulum). The ligaments of the hip joint may also be loose and stretched. The degree of instability… …   Medical dictionary

  • Developmental dislocation of the hip (DDH) — The abnormal formation of the hip joint in which the ball at the top of the thighbone (the femoral head) is not stable within the socket (the acetabulum). The ligaments of the hip joint may also be loose and stretched. The degree of instability… …   Medical dictionary

  • developmental dysplasia of the hip — (DDH) instability of the hip joint leading to dislocation in the neonatal period; it may be associated with various neuromuscular disorders or occur in utero but occurs most commonly in neurologically normal infants and is multifactorial in… …   Medical dictionary

  • Hip, developmental dislocation of the (DDH) — The abnormal formation of the hip joint in which the ball at the top of the thighbone (the femoral head) is not stable within the socket (the acetabulum). The ligaments of the hip joint may also be loose and stretched. The degree of instability… …   Medical dictionary

  • hip joint — n the ball and socket joint comprising the articulation between the femur and the hip bone * * * the ball and socket joint (see enarthrosis) between the head of the femur and the acetabulum (socket) of the ilium (see hip bone). It is a common… …   Medical dictionary

  • hip joint — the ball and socket joint (see enarthrosis) between the head of the femur and the acetabulum (socket) of the ilium (see hip bone). It is a common site of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, which is often treated surgically (by hip… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Hip dysplasia (human) — This article describes hip dysplasia in humans. For hip dysplasia in animals, see Hip dysplasia (canine). Hip dysplasia (human) Classification and external resources Congenital dislocation of the left hip in an elderly person. Closed arrow marks… …   Wikipedia

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