tension pneumothorax

tension pneumothorax
tension pneumothorax n pneumothorax resulting from a wound in the chest wall which acts as a valve that permits air to enter the pleural cavity but prevents its escape

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pneumothorax in which the pressure within the pleural space is greater than atmospheric pressure; this may occur when air enters under positive pressure, such as when caused by positive pressure ventilation, or when the tissues around the opening into the pleural cavity act as valves, allowing air to enter but not to escape. The resultant positive pressure in the cavity displaces the mediastinum to the opposite side, with consequent interference with respiration. Called also pressure p.

Tension pneumothorax with total collapse of the right lung and shift of mediastinal structures to the left. Air is forced into the pleural space during expiration and cannot escape during inspiration.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tension pneumothorax — A tension pneumothorax is a life threatening condition that results from a progressive deterioration and worsening of a simple pneumothorax, associated with the formation of a one way valve at the point of rupture.cite web | date = March 22 2005… …   Wikipedia

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  • pneumothorax — /nooh meuh thawr aks, thohr , nyooh /, n. Pathol. the presence of air or gas in the pleural cavity. [1815 25; < NL; see PNEUMO , THORAX] * * * ▪ pathology       condition in which air accumulates in the pleural space, causing it to expand and… …   Universalium

  • pneumothorax — The presence of free air or gas in the pleural cavity. [G. pneuma, air, + thorax] artificial p. p. produced by the injection of air, or a more slowly absorbed gas such as nitrogen, into the pleural space; formerly used for collapse therapy of… …   Medical dictionary

  • pneumothorax — n. air in the pleural cavity. Any breach of the lung surface or chest wall allows air to enter the pleural cavity, causing the lung to collapse. The leak can occur without apparent cause, in otherwise healthy people (spontaneous pneumothorax), or …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • tension cavities — cavities of the lung in which the air pressure is greater than that of the atmosphere, as in tension pneumothorax. Radiologically, they appear as large, spherical, thin walled defects indicative of productive inflammatory reaction in the bronchus …   Medical dictionary

  • tension gastrothorax — gastrothorax that increases the pressure within the thoracic cavity similarly to a tension pneumothorax …   Medical dictionary

  • Пневмоторакс (Pneumothorax) — наличие воздуха в плевральной полости. Воздух может проникнуть в плевральную полость через любое отверстие на поверхности легких или в стенке грудной клетки, приводя к спадению легкого (ателектазу). Просачивание воздуха может наблюдаться и без… …   Медицинские термины

  • pressure pneumothorax — tension p …   Medical dictionary

  • valvular pneumothorax — tension p …   Medical dictionary

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