sodium nitrite

sodium nitrite
sodium nitrite n a colorless or yellowish deliquescent salt NaNO2 that is used as a meat preservative and in medicine as a vasodilator and an antidote for cyanide poisoning

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a sodium salt used, with sodium thiosulphate, to treat cyanide poisoning. It is administered by injection and may cause digestive upsets, dizziness, headache, fainting, and cyanosis.

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[USP] an antidote for cyanide poisoning, NaNO2; it reduces hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which has a greater affinity for cyanide than does cytochrome oxidase. It is also used as a preservative in cured meats and other foods.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sodium nitrite — Sodium nitrite …   Wikipedia

  • sodium nitrite — n. a yellowish or white powder, NaNO2, used to make dyes, preserve meats, counteract cyanide poisoning, etc …   English World dictionary

  • sodium nitrite — noun nitrite used to preserve and color food especially in meat and fish products; implicated in the formation of suspected carcinogens • Hypernyms: ↑nitrite * * * noun : a colorless or yellowish deliquescent salt NaNO2 made usually by absorption …   Useful english dictionary

  • sodium nitrite — natrio nitritas statusas T sritis chemija formulė NaNO₂ atitikmenys: angl. sodium nitrite rus. натрий азотистокислый; натрия нитрит ryšiai: sinonimas – natrio dioksonitratas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • sodium nitrite — a sodium salt used, with sodium thiosulphate, to treat cyanide poisoning. Both drugs are administered by intravenous injection and may cause headache and flushing …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • sodium nitrite — 1. Chem. a yellowish or white crystalline compound, NaNO2, soluble in water, slightly soluble in alcohol and ether: used in the manufacture of dyes and as a color fixative. 2. Nutrition. this compound added to food as a preservative and for… …   Universalium

  • sodium nitrite — noun the sodium salt of nitrous acid, NaNO; used as a food preservative and in many industrial applications Syn: E250 …   Wiktionary

  • sodium nitrite — noun Date: 1869 a salt NaNO2 used especially in dye manufacture and as a meat preservative …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sodium nitrite — so′dium ni′trite n. chem. nut a yellowish or white crystalline compound, NaNO2, used as a color fixative and in food as a flavoring and preservative • Etymology: 1900–05 …   From formal English to slang

  • Nitrite de sodium — Général Nom IUPAC Nitrite de sodium No CAS …   Wikipédia en Français

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