sodium chloride

sodium chloride
sodium chloride n an ionic crystalline chemical compound consisting of equal numbers of sodium and chlorine atoms: SALT (1a)

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common salt: a salt of sodium that is present in all tissues and is important in maintaining the electrolyte balance of the body. Sodium chloride infusions are the basis of fluid replacement therapy after operations and for conditions associated with salt depletion, including shock and dehydration. Sodium chloride is also a basic constituent of oral rehydration therapy.

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common table salt: a mineral soluble in water and found widely distributed over the earth, such as in sea water. It is a necessary constituent of the body and consequently of the diet, making up over 90 per cent of the inorganic constituents of the blood serum, and is the principal salt involved in maintaining osmotic tension of blood and tissues. It is used in medicine [USP] for many purposes, such as in the preparation of isotonic and physiologic saline solutions; as a fluid and electrolyte replenisher; as an isotonic vehicle for drugs; as an antihypercalcemic; as an antidote to silver nitrate poisoning, administered by intravenous infusion; as a topical antiinflammatory; to irrigate wounds and body cavities; as an enema to flush the colon and promote evacuation; as a mucolytic, administered by inhalation; and as a topical osmotic agent in ophthalmology. Also used widely as a food preservative and seasoning.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Sodium chloride — Sodium So di*um, n. [NL., fr.E. soda.] (Chem.) A common metallic element of the alkali group, in nature always occuring combined, as in common salt, in albite, etc. It is isolated as a soft, waxy, white, unstable metal, so highly reactive that it …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sodium chloride — n [U] technical the type of salt that is used in cooking …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • sodium chloride — noun uncount TECHNICAL salt …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • sodium chloride — ► NOUN ▪ the chemical name for common salt …   English terms dictionary

  • sodium chloride — n. common salt, NaCl …   English World dictionary

  • Sodium chloride — NaCl redirects here. For the Google technology, see Google Native Client. This article is about the chemical compound. For sodium chloride in the diet, see Salt. For sodium chloride as a mineral, see Halite. Sodium chloride …   Wikipedia

  • sodium chloride — noun a white crystalline solid consisting mainly of sodium chloride (NaCl) • Syn: ↑common salt • Hypernyms: ↑binary compound • Hyponyms: ↑halite, ↑rock salt …   Useful english dictionary

  • sodium chloride — common salt: a salt of sodium that is present in all tissues and is important in maintaining the electrolyte balance of the body. Sodium chloride infusions are the basis of fluid replacement therapy after operations and for conditions associated… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Sodium chloride — Хлорид натрия Общие Систематическое наименование хлорид натрия / Sodium chloride Химическая формула NaCl Молярная масса 58.44277 г/м …   Википедия

  • sodium chloride — noun Sodium chloride is used before these nouns: ↑solution …   Collocations dictionary

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