sodium bicarbonate

sodium bicarbonate
sodium bicarbonate n a white crystalline weakly alkaline salt NaHCO3 used in baking powders and in medicine esp. as an antacid called also baking soda, bicarb, bicarbonate of soda, sodium acid carbonate

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a salt of sodium that neutralizes acid and is used to treat stomach and digestive disorders, acidosis, and sodium deficiency. It is administered by mouth or injection; high doses may cause digestive upsets. See also antacid.

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[USP] the monosodium salt of carbonic acid, NaHCO3, used as an electrolyte replenisher and systemic alkalizer, administered by intravenous injection or infusion. It is also administered orally as a gastric antacid and urinary alkalizer, and is applied topically in solution to wash the nose, mouth, or vagina, and as a cleansing enema; sometimes used in solution as a dressing for minor burns. Called also baking soda and bicarbonate of soda.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • sodium bicarbonate — Chem., Pharm. a white, crystalline, water soluble solid, in powder or granules, NaHCO3, usually prepared by the reaction of soda ash with carbon dioxide or obtained from the intermediate product of the Solvay process by purification: used chiefly …   Universalium

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