sex chromosome

sex chromosome
sex chromosome n a chromosome (as the X chromosome or the Y chromosome in humans) of a sexually reproducing eukaryotic organism that is directly concerned with the inheritance of sex, that contains the genes governing the inheritance of various sex-linked and sex-limited characters, and that is represented differently in the two sexes either by being present in one and not the other or by being present a different number of times in one sex compared to the other called also heterochromosome

* * *

a chromosome that is involved in the determination of the sex of the individual. Women have two X chromosome; men have one X chromosome and one Y chromosome. Compare autosome.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sex chromosome — n. a sex determining chromosome in the germ cells of most animals and a few plants: in most animals, including human beings, all the eggs carry an X chromosome and the spermatozoa either an X or Y chromosome, and an egg receiving an X chromosome… …   English World dictionary

  • sex chromosome — Chromosome that determines the sex of an animal. In humans, where the two sex chromosomes (X and Y) are dissimilar, the female has two X chromosomes, and the male is heterogametic (XY). In birds, the opposite is the case, the male being XX and… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • sex chromosome — ► NOUN ▪ a chromosome concerned in determining the sex of an organism (in mammals the X and Y chromosomes) …   English terms dictionary

  • sex chromosome — sex chromosome. См. половая хромосома. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • sex chromosome — Genetics. a chromosome, differing in shape or function from other chromosomes, that determines the sex of an individual. [1910 15] * * * Either of a pair of chromosomes that determine whether an individual is male or female. The sex chromosomes… …   Universalium

  • sex chromosome — noun (genetics) a chromosome that determines the sex of an individual mammals normally have two sex chromosomes • Topics: ↑genetics, ↑genetic science • Hypernyms: ↑chromosome • Hyponyms …   Useful english dictionary

  • sex chromosome — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms sex chromosome : singular sex chromosome plural sex chromosomes biology a chromosome that controls what the sex of a living thing will be, for example the x chromosomes and y chromosomes in humans and animals …   English dictionary

  • sex chromosome — Differentiated chromosome which is responsible for the determination of sex of the individual. For all mammals, a small number of flowering plants and many insects, female individuals carry a pair of X chromosomes, and males carry one X and one Y …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • sex chromosome — sex′ chro mosome n. gen a chromosome that determines the sex of an individual …   From formal English to slang

  • sex chromosome — chromosome that determines the sex of a creature …   English contemporary dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”