An infectious disease in animals that can be transmitted to people. The natural reservoir for the infectious agent is a animal. Examples of zoonoses include rabies (a viral disease that can be transmitted to humans through an infected animal's bite) and psittacosis (a chlamydial infection resembling influenza that is spread to humans by the droppings of infected birds). Anthrax is a zoonosis. It normally affects animals, especially ruminants (such as goats, cattle, sheep, and horses), but can be transmitted to humans by contact with infected animals or their products or by biological warfare.
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An infection or infestation shared in nature by humans and other animals. SEE ALSO: anthropozoonosis, cyclozoonosis, metazoonosis, saprozoonosis, zooanthroponosis. [zoo- + G. nosos, disease]
- direct z. a z. transmitted between humans and other animals from an infected to a susceptible host by contact, by airborne droplets or droplet nuclei, or by some vehicle of transmission; the agent requires a single vertebrate host for completion of its life cycle and does not develop or show significant change during transmission; may include anthropozoonoses (rabies), zooanthroponoses (amebiasis), and amphixenoses (certain streptococcoses).

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zoo·no·sis .zō-ə-'nō-səs, zō-'än-ə-səs n, pl -no·ses -.sēz a disease communicable from animals to humans under natural conditions
zoo·not·ic .zō-ə-'nät-ik adj

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an infectious disease of animals that can be transmitted to humans. See anthrax, brucellosis, cat-scratch fever, cowpox, glanders, Q fever, Rift Valley fever, rabies, rat-bite fever, toxoplasmosis, tularaemia, typhus.

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zoo·no·sis (zo″o-noґsis) (zo-onґə-sis) pl. zoonoґses [zoo- + nos- + -is] a disease of nonhuman animals that may be transmitted to humans under natural conditions. zoonotic adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • zoonosis — f. parasit. Estado morboso producido por la infección o infestación de un animal parásito. Medical Dictionary. 2011. zoonosis enferm …   Diccionario médico

  • zoonosis — (n.) pl. zoonoses, 1876, from comb. form of Gk. zoion animal (see ZOO (Cf. zoo)) + nosos disease …   Etymology dictionary

  • zoonosis — (De zoo , el gr. νόσος, enfermedad, y sis). f. Med. Enfermedad o infección que se da en los animales y que es transmisible al hombre en condiciones naturales …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • zoonosis — [zō än′ə sis, zō΄ə nō′sis] n. pl. zoonoses [zō än′əsēz΄] [ModL < Gr zōion, an animal (see BIO ) + nosos, disease] a disease that can be transmitted to people by vertebrate animals zoonotic [zō΄ə nät′ik] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Zoonosis — Una zoonosis es cualquier enfermedad que puede transmitirse de animales a seres humanos . La palabra se deriva del griego zoon (animal) y nosos (enfermedad). Se trata de enfermedades que afectan generalmente a los animales vertebrados, incluyendo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Zoonosis — A zoonosis (pronEng|ˌzoʊəˈnoʊsɨs) or zoonose is any infectious disease that is able to be transmitted (by a vector) from other animals, both wild and domestic, to humans or from humans to animals (the latter is sometimes called reverse zoonosis) …   Wikipedia

  • Zoonosis — (Del gr. zoon, animal + nosos, enfermedad.) ► sustantivo femenino VETERINARIA Enfermedad microbiana o parasitaria que afecta a los animales y puede ser transmitida a las personas. IRREG. plural zoonosis * * * zoonosis (de «zoo » y el gr. «nósos» …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • zoonosis — {{#}}{{LM Z40600}}{{〓}} {{[}}zoonosis{{]}} ‹zo·o·no·sis› {{◆}}(pl. zoonosis){{◇}} {{《}}▍ s.f.{{》}} Enfermedad propia de los animales y que se transmite a las personas: • La brucelosis y la hidatidosis son zoonosis.{{○}} {{★}}{{\}}ETIMOLOGÍA:{{/}} …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • zoonosis — an infectious disease of animals, including fishes, that can be transmitted to humans, e.g. fishkeeper s granuloma or fishtank granuloma, an infection in humans with the bacteria causing fish tuberculosis (a Mycobacterium, but not the same as the …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • zoonosis — zoonozė statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Infekcinė liga, kuria serga tik gyvūnai. Iš viso yra zoonosis200. Sukelia virusai (pvz., epideminį stomatitą, encefalitą, pasiutligę ir kt.), bakterijos (pvz., bruceliozę, marą,… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

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