quinolone

quinolone
quin·o·lone 'kwin-ə-.lōn n any of a class of synthetic antibacterial drugs that are derivatives of hydroxylated quinolines and inhibit the replication of bacterial DNA esp FLUOROQUINOLONE

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n.
one of a group of chemically related synthetic antibiotics that includes ciprofloxacin, nalidixic acid, and ofloxacin. These drugs act by inactivating an enzyme, DNA gyrase, that is necessary for replication of the microorganisms and are often useful for treating infections with organisms that have become resistant to other antibiotics. They are administered by mouth. Possible side-effects include nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, headache, dizziness, and itching. Confusion, joint pains, skin troubles, and tendinitis occasionally occur.

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quin·o·lone (kwinґo-lōn) any of a group of synthetic antibacterial agents that includes nalidixic acid, cinoxacin, rosoxacin, and the fluoroquinolones.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • quinolone — ● quinolone nom féminin Médicament d usage courant assimilé aux antibiotiques, utilisé notamment dans les infections urinaires (nom générique) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Quinolone — Structure de base des quinolones: le groupe R (bleu) est assez souvent un groupe pipérazine; si la molécule est liée à un fluor (rouge), il s agit d une fluoroquinolone. Les quinolones et fluoroquinolones[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Quinolone — The quinolones are a family of synthetic broad spectrum antibiotics. The of the group is nalidixic acid. The majority of quinolones in clinical use belong to the subset of fluoroquinolones, which have a fluoro group attached the central ring… …   Wikipedia

  • quinolone — noun Etymology: quinoline + one Date: 1936 any of a class of synthetic antibacterial drugs that are derivatives of hydroxylated quinolines and inhibit the replication of bacterial DNA …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • quinolone — noun a) Any of several isomeric ketones derived from quinoline b) Any of a range of broad spectrum antibiotics, related to nalidixic acid, based on this structure See Also: fluoroquinolone …   Wiktionary

  • quinolone — [ kwɪnələʊn] noun an antibiotic derived from quinoline and used chiefly against Gram negative organisms. Origin 1930s: from quin (in quinoline) + one …   English new terms dictionary

  • quinolone — quin·o·lone …   English syllables

  • quinolone — n. one of a group of chemically related synthetic antibiotics that includes ciprofloxacin, nalidixic acid, and ofloxacin. These drugs act by inactivating an enzyme, DNA gyrase, that is necessary for replication of the microorganisms and are often …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • quinolone — ˈkwinəlˌōn noun ( s) Etymology: quinoline + one : any of a class of synthetic antibacterial drugs that are derivatives of hydroxylated quinolines and inhibit the replication of bacterial DNA …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fluoro-quinolone — Quinolone Structure essentielle de tous les antibiotiques quinolones: le groupe R (bleu) est généralement un groupe pipérazine; si la molécule est liée à un fluor (rouge), il s agit d une fluoroquinolone Les quinolones et fluoroquinolones[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

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