Vinyl chloride

Vinyl chloride
A substance used in manufacturing plastics that is known to be toxic and carcinogenic (cancer-causing). Dangerous exposure to vinyl chloride occurs mainly in the workplace. Breathing high levels of vinyl chloride for short periods of time can cause dizziness, sleepiness, unconsciousness and, at extremely high levels, death. Breathing vinyl chloride for long periods of time can result in permanent liver damage, nerve damage, liver cancer, brain tumors, lung cancer, and malignancies of the digestive tract.

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vinyl chloride n a flammable gaseous carcinogenic compound C2H3Cl that is used esp. to make vinyl resins

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a vinyl group to which an atom of chlorine is attached, the monomer which polymerizes to polyvinyl chloride, used in organic synthesis and in the plastics industry; it is toxic and carcinogenic. Called also chloroethylene. See also vinyl chloride disease, under disease.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vinyl chloride — IUPAC name …   Wikipedia

  • vinyl chloride — n. a colorless gas, CH2:CHCl, made by reacting acetylene with hydrogen chloride or by cracking ethylene dichloride: it is used to make polyvinyl chloride, etc …   English World dictionary

  • vinyl chloride — Chem. a colorless, easily liquefied, flammable, slightly water soluble gas, C2H3Cl, having a pleasant, etherlike odor: used in the manufacture of plastics, as a refrigerant, and in the synthesis of polyvinyl chloride and other organic compounds.… …   Universalium

  • vinyl chloride — vinilchloridas statusas T sritis chemija formulė CH₂=CHCl atitikmenys: angl. vinyl chloride rus. винилхлорид ryšiai: sinonimas – chloretenas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • vinyl chloride — A substance used to make plastics. Exposure to vinyl chloride may increase the risk of developing liver, brain, and lung cancers; lymphoma; and leukemia …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • vinyl chloride disease — acro osteolysis resulting from exposure to vinyl chloride, characterized by Raynaud phenomenon, skin changes resembling scleroderma on the backs of the hands and on the forearms, and bony changes affecting the terminal phalanges of the fingers… …   Medical dictionary

  • vinyl chloride — noun : a flammable gaseous compound CH2 . CHCl with an ethereal odor prepared by catalytic addition of hydrogen chloride to acetylene or by pyrolysis of ethylene dichloride and used chiefly for making vinyl resins : chloro ethylene see polyvinyl… …   Useful english dictionary

  • vinyl chloride — noun A colourless gas, CH=CHCl, used in the manufacture of the plastic polyvinyl chloride …   Wiktionary

  • vinyl chloride — vi′nyl chlo′ride n. chem. a colorless gas, C2H3Cl, used in making plastics and polyvinyl chloride and as a refrigerant • Etymology: 1935–40 …   From formal English to slang

  • vinyl chloride — noun Date: 1872 a flammable gaseous carcinogenic compound C2H3Cl that is used especially to make vinyl resins …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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