- Meniere's disease
- Mé·nière's disease mən-'ye(ə)rz-, 'men-yərz- n a disorder of the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear that is marked by recurrent attacks of dizziness, tinnitus, and hearing loss called also Ménière's syndromeMé·nière mā-nyer Prosper (1799-1862)French physician. Ménière specialized in otolaryngology. He published a treatise on diseases of the ear in 1853. In 1861 he published the first detailed description of the form of vertigo now known as Ménière's disease. While others had made peripheral studies of the disorder, he was the first to identify the semicircular canals of the ear as the site of the lesion. A truly complete description of the disease was published in 1874 by the famed neurologist Jean Martin Charcot (1825-1893). Not until 1928 was an operation for the disease developed by Walter Dandy (1886-1946).
* * *a disease of the inner ear characterized by episodes of deafness, buzzing in the ears (tinnitus), and vertigo. Typically the attacks are preceded by a sensation of fullness in the ear. Symptoms last for several hours and between attacks the affected ear may return to normal, although hearing does tend to deteriorate gradually with repeated attacks. It is thought to be caused by the build-up of fluid in the inner ear. Drug treatments include prochlorperazine to reduce vertigo in acute attacks and betahistine as prophylactic treatment. Ototoxic drugs, such as gentamicin, can be injected through the eardrum into the middle ear to reduce activity in the inner ear. Surgical procedures used include decompression or drainage of the endolymphatic sac, vestibular nerve section, and labyrinthectomy. Medical name: endolymphatic hydrops.P. Ménière (1799-1862), French physician
Medical dictionary. 2011.