lepromatous leprosy

lepromatous leprosy
lepromatous leprosy n the one of the two major forms of leprosy that is characterized by the formation of lepromas, the presence of numerous Hansen's bacilli in the lesions, and a negative skin reaction to lepromin and that remains infectious to others until treated compare TUBERCULOID LEPROSY

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the more malignant and infectious of the two polar types of leprosy, characterized principally by widespread dissemination of Mycobacterium leprae in the tissues (which reflects the poor immune response to infection), and by numerous cutaneous lesions consisting of pale, diffusely and symmetrically distributed macules. The lepromin test is negative. If untreated, the macules gradually progress to form plaques and nodules called lepromas. Infiltrations result in destructive lesions and deformities such as leonine facies, but nerve damage is usually less than that seen in tuberculoid leprosy. Called also multibacillary l.

Lepromatous leprosy; there is diffuse infiltration of the face with leonine facies and madarosis.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • lepromatous — Pertaining to, or characterized by, the features of a leproma. * * * le·pro·ma·tous lə präm ət əs, prō mət adj of, relating to, characterized by, or affected with lepromas or lepromatous leprosy <lepromatous patients> <the lepromatous… …   Medical dictionary

  • leprosy — leprotic /le prot ik/, adj. /lep reuh see/, n. Pathol. a chronic, mildly infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, affecting the peripheral nervous system, skin, and nasal mucosa and variously characterized by ulcerations, tubercular… …   Universalium

  • lepromatous — (ˈ)le|präməd.əs, rōm adjective Etymology: New Latin lepromat , leproma + English ous 1. : characterized by the formation or presence of lepromas lepromatous leprosy 2. : relating to or exhibiting nodular leprosy cases of the lepromatous type …   Useful english dictionary

  • leprosy — Hansen s disease; n. a chronic disease, caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae, that affects the skin, mucous membranes, and nerves. It is confined mainly to the tropics and is transmitted by direct contact. After an incubation period of… …   The new mediacal dictionary

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