Test, triglyceride

Test, triglyceride
Triglycerides are the major form of fat. Triglycerides come from the food we eat and are produced by the body. Triglyceride levels are influenced by recent fat and alcohol intake. You should therefore fast (from food) for at least 12 hours and abstain from alcohol for at least 24 hours before being tested for triglycerides. The test is a simple blood test. The normal levels of triglycerides depend on the age and sex of the individual. Mild to moderate triglyceride increases occur in a large number of conditions including alcohol abuse, obstruction of the bile ducts, and diabetes. High levels of triglycerides (greater than 200 mg/dl) are associated with a heightened risk of coronary heart disease. Markedly high triglyceride levels (greater than 500mg/dl) can cause inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis). Therefore, high levels should be treated aggressively with low fat diets and, if needed, medications. The word "triglyceride" reflects the fact that a triglyceride consists of three ("tri-") molecules of fatty acid combined with a molecule of the alcohol glycerol ("-glyceride") that serves as the backbone in many types of lipids (fats).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Triglyceride test — A simple blood test to measure the level of triglycerides in the blood. Triglyceride levels are influenced by recent fat and alcohol intake, so you should fast from food for at least 12 hours and abstain from alcohol for at least 24 hours before… …   Medical dictionary

  • Glukose-Test — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 E10 Primär insulinabhängiger Diabetes mellitus (Typ 1 Diabetes) E11 Nicht primär insulinabhängiger Diabetes mellitus (Typ 2 Diabetes) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Muricidal test — The Muricidal Test is used in biological research. The name is derived from the Latin, for killing of mice . The test measures the propensity of rats to attack mice that are introduced to their home cage, or another environment[1]. The laboratory …   Wikipedia

  • Fecal fat test — In medicine, the fecal fat test is a diagnostic test for fat malabsorption conditions, which lead to excess fat in the feces (steatorrhea).BackgroundIn the small intestine, dietary fat (primarily triglycerides) is digested by enzymes such as… …   Wikipedia

  • mixed triglyceride breath test — (for pancreatic function) a breath test in which a mixture of synthetic triglycerides labeled with carbon 13 is administered to the fasting patient and levels of labeled carbon dioxide in the breath are subsequently measured at regular time… …   Medical dictionary

  • pancreatic function test — see specific tests, such as bentiromide t., cholecystokinin t., Lundh t., mixed triglyceride breath t., pancreolauryl t., secretin t., and triolein breath t …   Medical dictionary

  • Low-density lipoprotein — (LDL) is a type of lipoprotein that transports cholesterol and triglycerides from the liver to peripheral tissues. LDL is one of the five major groups of lipoproteins; these groups include chylomicrons, very low density lipoprotein (VLDL),… …   Wikipedia

  • Fructose — D Fructose …   Wikipedia

  • endocrine system, human — ▪ anatomy Introduction  group of ductless glands (gland) that regulate body processes by secreting chemical substances called hormones (hormone). Hormones act on nearby tissues or are carried in the bloodstream to act on specific target organs… …   Universalium

  • Medical research related to low-carbohydrate diets — Low carbohydrate diets became a major weight loss and health maintenance trend during the late 1990s and early 2000s.[1][2][3] While their popularity has waned recently from its peak, they remain popular.[4][5] This diet trend has stirred major… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”