bacillus Calmette-Guerin

bacillus Calmette-Guerin
bacillus Cal·mette-Gué·rin -.kal-'met-(.)gā-'ran, -'ran n an attenuated strain of tubercle bacillus developed by repeated culture on a medium containing bile and used in preparation of tuberculosis vaccines called also bacille Calmette-Guérin compare BCG VACCINE
Cal·mette kȧl-met Albert Léon Charles (1863-1933)
French bacteriologist , and
Gué·rin gā-ran Camille (1872-1961)
French veterinarian. A pupil of Louis Pasteur, Calmette founded in 1891 the Pasteur Institute in Saigon, in what is now Vietnam, where he discovered an antivenin snake venom serum. In 1908 his discovery that virulent bovine tubercle bacilli became less virulent after being cultured in a bile-containing medium led to his development in 1927 with Camille Guérin of a tuberculosis vaccine from a strain of tubercle bacillus now known as bacillus Calmette-Guérin. The acronym of the name of the bacillus forms part of the name of their discovery, BCG vaccine, which is widely used in the vaccination of children against tuberculosis.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Bacillus Calmette-Guérin — (or Bacille Calmette Guérin, BCG) is a vaccine against tuberculosis that is prepared from a strain of the attenuated (weakened) live bovine tuberculosis bacillus, Mycobacterium bovis , that has lost its virulence in humans by being specially… …   Wikipedia

  • Bacillus Calmette-Guérin — Das Bacille Calmette Guérin (BCG) ist ein von den Franzosen Albert Calmette (1863−1933) und Camille Guérin (1872−1961) Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts aus Rindertuberkelbazillen von normaler Virulenz durch dauernd wiederholte Fortzüchtung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • bacillus calmette-guérin — ˌkalˈmet(ˌ)gāˈraⁿ, ran noun Usage: usually capitalized C&G Etymology: translation of French bacille Calmette Guérin, after Albert L.C.Calmette died 1933 and Camille Guérin b1872 French bacteriologists : an attenuated strain of tubercle bacillus… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bacillus Calmette-Guérin — Muestra de BCG usada en Japón. Bacillus de Calmette y Guérin, más conocida por su sigla BCG, es la vacuna contra la tuberculosis. Esta vacuna se prepara a partir de extracto atenuado de Mycobacterium bovis que ha perdido su virulencia en cultivos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bacillus Calmette-Guérin — Bacịllus Calmette Guérin   [ kal mɛt ge rɛ̃, nach dem französischen Bakteriologen A. L. C. Calmette und dem Serologen Camille Guérin, * 1872, ✝ 1961], avirulente (nicht krankmachende) Bakterienmutante, Impfstoff gegen Tuberkulose, B. C. G …   Universal-Lexikon

  • bacillus Calmette-Guérin — /kal met gay raonn , ran / a weakened strain of the tubercle bacillus, Mycobacterium bovis, used in the preparation of BCG vaccine. [named after Albert L. C. Calmette (1863 1933) and Camille Guérin (1872 1961), French bacteriologists] * * * …   Universalium

  • bacillus Calmette-Guérin — BCG. A type of bacteria used in cancer treatment to stimulate the immune system. It is also used to vaccinate against tuberculosis. Also called BCG …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • bacille Calmette-Guérin — An attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis used in the preparation of BCG vaccine that is used for immunization against tuberculosis and in cancer chemotherapy. SYN: Calmette Guérin bacillus. [Fr.] * * * ba·cille Calmette Guérin ba sēl , bä n …   Medical dictionary

  • Bacillus Calmette-Guérinvaccine — Ba·cil·lus Cal·mette Gué·rin vaccine (bə sĭlʹəs kăl mĕtʹgā rănʹ) n. The BCG vaccine.   [After Albert L.C. Calmette (1863 1933) and Camille Guérin (1872 1961), French bacteriologists.] * * * …   Universalium

  • Guerin — or Guérin may refer to:People* Alphonse Guérin (1816 1895), French surgeon * Bill Guerin (b. 1970), ice hockey player * Camille Guérin (1872 1961), French immunologist * Claudine Guérin de Tencin (1681 1749), French courtesan * Daniel Guérin… …   Wikipedia

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