alpha-amino acid

alpha-amino acid
al·pha-ami·no acid or à-ami·no acid -ə-.mē-nō- n any of the more than 20 amino acids that have an amino group in the alpha position with most having the general formula RCH(NH2)COOH, that are synthesized in plant and animal tissues, that are considered the building blocks of proteins from which they can be obtained by hydrolysis, and that play an important role in metabolism, growth, maintenance, and repair of tissue see essential amino acid, nonessential amino acid

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Alpha-amino-acid esterase — In enzymology, an alpha amino acid esterase (EC number|3.1.1.43) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:an alpha amino acid ester + H2O ightleftharpoons an alpha amino acid + an alcoholThus, the two substrates of this enzyme are alpha… …   Wikipedia

  • alpha-amino acid — noun Any amino acid that has the amino and carboxylic functional groups attached to the same carbon atom; especially those amino acids that occur naturally as peptides and proteins …   Wiktionary

  • alpha-amino acid — /ælfə əˌminoʊ ˈæsəd/ (say alfuh uh.meenoh asuhd) noun See amino acid …  

  • Alpha-Aminobutyric acid — (AABA) is an isomer of the amino acid aminobutyric acid with chemical formula C4H9NO2. There is also gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) and beta aminobutyric acid.It is a key intermediate in the biosynthesis of ophthalmic acid or ophthalmate, which… …   Wikipedia

  • Amino acid — This article is about the class of chemicals. For the structures and properties of the standard proteinogenic amino acids, see Proteinogenic amino acid. The generic structure of an alpha amino acid in its unionized form …   Wikipedia

  • Amino acid — One of the 20 building blocks of protein. The sequence of amino acids in a protein and, hence, the function of that protein are determined by the genetic code in the DNA. Amino acids are molecules that (in technical terms) contain a basic amino… …   Medical dictionary

  • Alpha-ketoglutaric acid — chembox ImageFile = Alpha ketoglutaric acid.png ImageSize = 150px IUPACName = 2 Oxopentanedioic acid OtherNames = 2 Ketoglutaric acid alpha Ketoglutaric acid 2 Oxoglutarate 2 Oxoglutaric acid Oxoglutaric acid Section1 = Chembox Identifiers CASNo …   Wikipedia

  • alpha-Aminoadipic acid — α Aminoadipic acid IUPAC name 2 aminohexanedioic acid …   Wikipedia

  • alpha-Parinaric acid — α Parinaric acid IUPAC name (9Z,11E,13E,15Z) octadeca 9,11,13,15 tetraenoic acid …   Wikipedia

  • amino acid — Biochem. any of a class of organic compounds that contains at least one amino group, NH2, and one carboxyl group, COOH: the alpha amino acids, RCH(NH2)COOH, are the building blocks from which proteins are constructed. Cf. essential amino acid.… …   Universalium

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