: Removal of a sample of fluid and cells through a needle. Aspiration also refers to the accidental sucking in of food particles or fluids into the lungs.
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1. Removal, by suction, of a gas, fluid, or tissue from a body cavity or organ from unusual accumulations, or from a container. 2. The inspiratory sucking into the airways of fluid or any foreign material, especially gastric contents or food. 3. A surgical technique for cataract, requiring a small corneal incision, severance of the lens capsule, fragmentation of the lens material, and removal with a needle. [L. aspiratio, fr. aspiro, to breathe on]
- meconium a. intrauterine a. by the fetus of amniotic fluid contaminated by meconium resulting from fetal hypoxic distress.

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as·pi·ra·tion .as-pə-'rā-shən n a drawing of something in, out, up, or through by or as if by suction: as
a) the act of breathing and esp. of breathing in
b) the withdrawal of fluid or friable tissue from the body
c) the taking of foreign matter into the lungs with the respiratory current
as·pi·ra·tion·al -shnəl, -shən-əl adj

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the withdrawal of fluid from the body by means of suction using an instrument called an aspirator. There are various types of aspirator: some employ hollow needles for removing fluid from cysts, inflamed joint cavities, etc.; another kind is used to suck debris and water from the patient's mouth during dental treatment.

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as·pi·ra·tion (as″pĭ-raґshən) [L. ad- to + spirare to breathe] 1. the drawing of a foreign substance, such as the gastric contents, into the respiratory tract during inhalation. 2. removal by suction, using an aspirator, as of excess fluid or gas from a body cavity or of a specimen for biopsy.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • aspiration — [ aspirasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1190 « action de souffler »; lat. aspiratio → aspirer I ♦ (Idée de « souffler ») 1 ♦ Action de porter ses désirs vers (un idéal). Aspiration vers Dieu, vers la gloire. ⇒ 1. élan, mouvement. L aspiration au bonheur, à être… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Aspiration — may refer to:*Aspiration (phonetics), the release of a strong burst of air after some obstruents *Engine aspiration method: **Naturally aspirated engine, an internal combustion engine that relies on atmospheric pressure for air intake… …   Wikipedia

  • Aspiration — Aspiration. Zerkleinerungsmaschinen für Getreide (Mahlgänge, Walzenstühle) entwickeln infolge des Druckes und der Reibung beträchtliche Wärme, die einen Teil des in der Frucht enthaltenen Wassers zur Verdunstung bringt. Diese Wasserdämpfe… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • aspiration — Aspiration. s. f. Action de celuy qui aspire, qui attire l air exterieur en dedans. Il n est d usage que dans le dogmatique. L aspiration est opposée à l expiration. Il se dit en parlant des pompes pour l eslevation des eaux. Voila une pompe par… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Aspiration — As pi*ra tion, n. [L. aspiratio, fr. aspirare: cf. F. aspiration.] 1. The act of aspirating; the pronunciation of a letter with a full or strong emission of breath; an aspirated sound. [1913 Webster] If aspiration be defined to be an impetus of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • aspiration — ASPIRATION. s. f. Action de celui qui aspire, qui attire l air extérieur en de dans. Dans cette acception, il n est d usage qu en cette phrase, L aspiration est opposée à l expiration. f♛/b] Il se dit en parlant Des pompes qui servent à l… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Aspiration — (v. lat.), 1) hauchende, mit einem anlautenden h ausgesprochene Sylbe. Im Griechischen u. Lateinischen kam die A. nur vor Vocalen vor (s. Spiritus asper), in den altgermanischen Sprachen auch vor liquiden Consonanten (z.B. hrains, hlutrs, hneivan …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Aspiration — (lat.), gehauchte Aussprache; Bewerbung, Streben; in der Medizin das Einsaugen von Flüssigkeit oder festen Körpern in die Lunge beim Einatmen, wodurch eine Entzündung, die Aspirationspneumonie, verursacht wird, häufig bei bewußtlosen Kranken; in… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • aspiration — index desideratum, design (intent), desire, destination, end (intent), goal, objective …   Law dictionary

  • aspiration — *ambition, pretension Analogous words: aim, goal, objective (see INTENTION): *desire, passion, lust …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • aspiration — [n] goal, hope aim, ambition, ambitiousness, craving, desire, direction, dream, eagerness, endeavor, fire in the belly*, hankering, inclination, longing, object, objective, passion, pursuit, push, right stuff*, urge, vocation, wish, work,… …   New thesaurus

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