: An artificial sweetener which diluted in water is 300-500 times sweeter than the sugar sucrose. (Saccharin is o-sulfobenzimide; 2,3-dihydro-3-oxobenzisosulfonazole.) The US government removed saccharin from its list of potential cancer-causing agents in 2000 because tests showing it causes tumors in rats proved not to apply to people.
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In dilute aqueous solution it is 300–500 times sweeter than sucrose; used as a noncaloric sweetening agent (sugar substitute); s. sodium and s. calcium have the same use. SYN: benzosulfimide.

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sac·cha·rin 'sak-(ə-)rən n a crystalline cyclic imide C7H5NO3S that is unrelated to the carbohydrates, is several hundred times sweeter than sucrose, and is used as a calorie-free sweetener called also benzosulfimide, gluside

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sac·cha·rin (sakґə-rin) [NF] a white crystalline compound, several hundred times sweeter than sucrose; used as a sweetening agent in pharmaceutical preparations.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Saccharin — (Anhydrosulfaminbenzoesäure, Benzoesäuresulfinid), das Imid der o Sulfobenzoesäure, jener von J. Remsen und C. Fahlberg entdeckte Süßstoff, Prismen vom Schmelzpunkt 220°, der etwa 500mal süßer als Rohrzucker ist und in großen Mengen technisch… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • saccharin — ● saccharin, saccharine adjectif De la nature du sucre. Relatif au sucre, à sa fabrication. ⇒SACCHARIN, INE, adj. A. CHIM. Qui est de la nature du sucre, qui en contient. Richesse saccharine des betteraves, des racines; acide saccharin. Les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Saccharīn — (Orthosulfamidobenzoesäureanhydrid, Benzoesäuresulfinid) C7H5NSO3 oder wird aus dem Toluol des Steinkohlenteers dargestellt und bildet farb und geruchlose kleine Nadeln, löst sich schwer in Wasser, leichter in Alkohol und Äther und schmilzt bei… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • saccharin — saccharin, ine (sa kka rin, ri in ) adj. 1°   Qui contient du sucre, qui en a les caractères. La richesse saccharine des betteraves. •   Lorsque la betterave a terminé sa végétation saccharine, si je puis m exprimer ainsi, il se forme du nitrate… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • saccharin — saccharin, saccharine Saccharin is a noun denoting a sugar substitute, and saccharine is an adjective meaning (literally) ‘sugary’ or (figuratively) ‘unpleasantly over polite or sentimental’ …   Modern English usage

  • Saccharin — Sac cha*rin (s[a^]k k[.a]*r[i^]n), n. [F., from L. saccharon sugar.] (Chem.) A bitter white crystalline substance obtained from the saccharinates and regarded as the lactone of saccharinic acid; so called because formerly supposed to be isomeric… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Saccharin — Saccharīn, Saccharinōl, Saccharinōse, Saccharōl, aus Orthotoluolsulfosäure hergestellter Süßstoff, weißes Kristallpulver, 500mal so süß wie Zucker, in Wasser wenig löslich, leichter in Alkohol; das Natriumsalz (leichtlösliches S.) ist 450mal so… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • saccharin — (n.) white crystalline compound used as a sugar substitute, 1885, from German, coined by chemist C. Fahlberg, 1879, who discovered it by accident, from L. saccharon (see SACCHARINE (Cf. saccharine)). Marketed from 1887 as saccharine …   Etymology dictionary

  • saccharin — ► NOUN ▪ a sweet tasting synthetic compound used as a low calorie substitute for sugar. ORIGIN Greek sakkharon sugar …   English terms dictionary

  • saccharin — ☆ saccharin [sak′ə rin΄] n. [so named (1879) by its discoverers, I. Remsen & C. Fahlberg, U.S. chemists < ModL saccharum, sugar < L < Gr sakcharon, ult. < Sans śarkarā, pebble, sugar (> SUGAR) + IN ] a white, crystalline coal tar… …   English World dictionary

  • Saccharin — Chembox new Reference= [ Merck Index , 11th Edition, 8282.] ImageFile=Saccharin 2D skeletal.png ImageSize=160px ImageFile1=Saccharin 3D balls.png ImageSize1=200px IUPACName=1,1 Dioxo 1,2 benzothiazol 3 one OtherNames= Benzoic sulfinide E954… …   Wikipedia

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