- Quotient
- The result of mathematical division. The I.Q. (Intelligence Quotient) is arrived at by dividing the person's mental age (as determined on the Binet test) by the person's chronologic age and multiplying by 100. So if a child scores at the 8-year old level but is only 6, the I.Q. is 8/6 X 100=125.
* * *The
*number*of times one amount is contained in another; the*ratio*of two numbers. SEE ALSO:*index*(2),*ratio*. [L. quoties, how often]-**achievement q.**a*ratio*,*percentile*rating, or related q. denoting the amount a child has learned in*relation*to peers of his or her age or*level*of education.-(CLQ)*cognitive**laterality*q.*test*for*difference*in*cognitive*performance of left and right sides of the*brain*.-**extremal q.**the*ratio*of the*rate*in the jurisdiction with the highest*rate*of interventions such as*surgical*procedures to the*rate*in the jurisdiction with the lowest*rate*.-(IQ) the psychologist's*intelligence*q.*index*of measured*intelligence*as one*part*of a two-part*determination*of*intelligence*, the other*part*being an*index*of adaptive*behavior*and including such criteria as*school*grades or*work*performance. IQ is a*score*, or similar quantitative*index*, used to denote a person's standing relative to age peers on a*test*of general*ability*, ordinarily expressed as a*ratio*between the person's*score*on a given*test*and the*score*that the*average*individual of comparable age attained on the same*test*, the*ratio*being computed by the*psychologist*or determined from a*table*of age norms, such as the various*Wechsler**intelligence*scales.-an*Meyerhof**oxidation*q.*index*for the*effect*of*oxygen*on*glycolysis*and on*fermentation*( I.E., on the*Pasteur*effect); equal to the*rate*of*anaerobic**fermentation*minus the*rate*of*aerobic**respiration*divided by the*rate*of*oxygen**uptake*.-**P/O q.**SYN: P/O ratio.-the*protein*q.*number*obtained by dividing the quantity of*globulin*of the*blood**plasma*by the quantity of*albumin*.-(*respiratory*q.*R.Q.*) the steady-state*ratio*of*carbon**dioxide*produced by*tissue**metabolism*to*oxygen*consumed in the same*metabolism*; for the whole*body*, normally about 0.82 under*basal*conditions; in the steady*state*, the*respiratory*q. is equal to the*respiratory**exchange**ratio*. SYN:*respiratory*coefficient.* * *

**quo·tient 'kwō-shənt***n*the numerical ratio usu. multiplied by 100 between a test score and a measurement on which that score might be expected largely to depend* * *

quo·tient (kwoґshənt) a number obtained as the result of division; a number indicating how many times one number is contained in another.

*Medical dictionary.
2011.*