The medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of mental illness. Psychiatrists are MDs who receive additional training and serve a supervised residency in their specialty. They may also have additional training in a psychiatric subspecialty, such as child psychiatry or neuropsychiatry. Psychiatrists can prescribe medication, which psychologists cannot do. According to the American Psychiatric Association: "A psychiatrist is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illnesses and substance use disorders. It takes many years of education and training to become a psychiatrist: He or she must graduate from college and then medical school, and go on to complete four years of residency training in the field of psychiatry. (Many psychiatrists undergo additional training so that they can further specialize in such areas as child and adolescent psychiatry, geriatric psychiatry, forensic psychiatry, psychopharmacology, and/or psychoanalysis.) This extensive medical training enables the psychiatrist to understand the body's functions and the complex relationship between emotional illness and other medical illnesses. The psychiatrist is thus the mental health professional and physician best qualified to distinguish between physical and psychological causes of both mental and physical distress."
* * *
1. The medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders. 2. The diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders. For some types of p. not listed below, see also subentries under therapy, psychotherapy, psychoanalysis. SYN: psychiatrics. [psych- + G. iatreia, medical treatment]
- analytic p. SYN: psychoanalytic p..
- biologic p. a branch of p. that emphasizes molecular, genetic, and pharmacologic approaches in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders.
- child p. the branch of p. that deals with the emotional and mental disorders of children.
- community p. p. focusing on the detection, prevention, early treatment, and rehabilitation of individuals with emotional disorders and social deviance as they develop in the community rather than as encountered one-on-one, in private practice, or at larger centralized psychiatric facilities; particular emphasis is placed on the social-interpersonal-environmental factors that contribute to mental illness.
- contractual p. an older term for psychiatric intervention voluntarily assumed by the patient, who is prompted by personal difficulties or suffering and who retains control over participation with the psychiatrist.
- cross-cultural p. a field of p. with interest in the study of psychologic and psychiatric phenomena as differentially expressed in the cultures of different countries.
- descriptive p. that aspect of the practice of p. that deals with the diagnosis of mental disorders.
- dynamic p. SYN: psychoanalytic p..
- existential p. SYN: existential psychotherapy.
- forensic p., legal p. the application of p. in courts of law, e.g., in determinations for commitment, competency, fitness to stand trial, responsibility for crime.
- industrial p. the application of the principles of p. to problems in business and industry.
- orthomolecular p. an approach to p. that focuses on the use of megavitamins and nutrition in the treatment of such mental illnesses as the schizophrenic disorders.
- psychoanalytic p. psychiatric theory and practice emphasizing the principles of psychoanalysis. SYN: analytic p., dynamic p..
- social p. an approach to psychiatric theory and practice emphasizing the cultural and sociologic aspects of mental disorder and treatment; the application of p. to social problems. SEE ALSO: community p..

* * *

psy·chi·a·try -trē n, pl -tries a branch of medicine that deals with the science and practice of treating mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders esp. as originating in endogenous causes or resulting from faulty interpersonal relationships

* * *

the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management, and prevention.
psychiatric adj.

* * *

psy·chi·a·try (si-kiґə-tre) [psych- + -iatry] the branch of medicine that deals with the study, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders. psychiatric adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Psychiatry — is a medical specialty which exists to study, prevent, and treat mental disorders in humans. Psychiatric assessment typically involves a mental status examination and taking a case history, and psychological tests may be administered. Physical… …   Wikipedia

  • psychiatry — 1846, from Fr. psychiatrie, from M.L. psychiatria, lit. a healing of the soul, from Gk. psykhe mind (see PSYCHE (Cf. psyche)) + iatreia healing, care (see IATRIC (Cf. iatric)). Psychiatrist first recorded 1890; the older name was mad doctor… …   Etymology dictionary

  • psychiatry — ► NOUN ▪ the branch of medicine concerned with the study and treatment of mental illness and emotional disturbance. DERIVATIVES psychiatric adjective psychiatrically adverb. ORIGIN from Greek psukh soul, mind + iatreia healing …   English terms dictionary

  • psychiatry — [sī kī′ə trē, sikī′ə trē] n. [ModL: see PSYCHO & IATRY] the branch of medicine concerned with the study, treatment, and prevention of disorders of the mind, including psychoses and neuroses, emotional maladjustments, etc …   English World dictionary

  • PSYCHIATRY — The Biblical Period References to states of mental disturbance are frequently found in the Bible. Deuteronomy 28:28, 34 views madness as punishment for disobeying the commandments. The tragedy of Saul s last years is ascribed to an evil spirit… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • psychiatry — psychiatric /suy kee a trik/, psychiatrical, adj. psychiatrically, adv. /si kuy euh tree, suy /, n. the practice or science of diagnosing and treating mental disorders. [1840 50; PSYCH + IATRY] * * * Branch of medicine concerned with mental… …   Universalium

  • psychiatry — A medical speciality, whose boundaries have always been contested, which focuses on the care and treatment of mental disorders. It developed as a professional grouping in the first half of the nineteenth century: the term was coined in Germany in …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Psychiatry —    origin of term (1808). Johann Christian Reil (1759–1813), a professor of medicine in Halle, Germany, coined the term psychiatry to mean the third arm of the art of medicine, next to physic (medication) and surgery. In a journal of brief… …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • psychiatry — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ clinical, community, forensic ▪ adolescent, child, geriatric PHRASES ▪ a department of psychiatry …   Collocations dictionary

  • Psychiatry — Psychiatria Psy*chi a*tri a, Psychiatry Psy*chi a*try, n. [NL. psychiatria, fr. Gr. ? the mind + ? healing.] (Med.) The application of the healing art to mental diseases. Dunglison. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”