- The study of drugs, their sources, their nature, and their properties. Pharmacology is the study of the body’s reaction to drugs. It emerged as a major area in American medicine largely due to the efforts of John Jacob Abel (1857- 1938) who stressed the importance of chemistry in medicine, did research on the endocrine glands, first isolated epinephrine (adrenaline), crystallized insulin (1926), and became the first pharmacology professor in the U.S.
* * *The science concerned with drugs, their sources, appearance, chemistry, actions, and uses. [pharmaco- + G. logos, study]- biochemical p. a branch of p. concerned with the biochemical mechanisms responsible for the actions of drugs.- clinical p. the branch of p. concerned with the p. of therapeutic agents in the prevention, treatment, and control of disease in humans.- marine p. a branch of p. concerned with pharmacologically active substances present in aquatic plants and animals; its objective is to find and develop new therapeutic agents.
* * *1) the science of drugs including their origin, composition, pharmacokinetics, therapeutic use, and toxicology2) the properties and reactions of drugs esp. with relation to their therapeutic valuephar·ma·co·log·i·cal -kə-'läj-i-kəl also phar·ma·co·log·ic -ik adjphar·ma·co·log·i·cal·ly -i-k(ə-)lē adv
* * *n.the science of the properties of drugs and their effects on the body.• pharmacological adj.
* * *phar·ma·col·o·gy (fahr″mə-kolґə-je) [pharmaco- + -logy] the science that deals with the origin, nature, chemistry, effects, and uses of drugs; it includes pharmacognosy, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, pharmacotherapeutics, and toxicology. pharmacologic adj
Medical dictionary. 2011.