The word "periodontal" literally means "around the tooth." Periodontal diseases are bacterial infections that destroy the attachment fibers and supporting bone that hold the teeth in the mouth. Left untreated, these diseases can lead to tooth loss. The main cause of periodontal disease is a bacterial plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on teeth. Periodontics is the branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. Periodontists are also expert in the placement and maintenance of dental implants. Periodontics is one of the 8 dental specialties recognized by the American Dental Association.
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Around a tooth. SYN: paradental, pericemental, peridental. [peri- + G. odous, tooth]

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peri·odon·tal .per-ē-ō-'dänt-əl adj
1) investing or surrounding a tooth
2) of or affecting the periodontium <\periodontal infection>
peri·odon·tal·ly -əl-ē adv

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denoting or relating to the tissues surrounding the teeth.

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peri·odon·tal (per″e-o-donґtəl) [peri- + odont- + -al1] 1. pertaining to the periodontal ligament or periodontium. 2. near or around a tooth; called also peridental.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • periodontal — PERIODONTÁL, Ă adj. Situat în jurul unui dinte sau al dinţilor; referitor la durerile de dinţi. [cf. fr. périodontal]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 20.07.2005. Sursa: DN  PERIODONTÁL, Ă adj. situat în jurul unui dinte sau al dinţilor; referitor la… …   Dicționar Român

  • Periodontal — Per i*o*don tal, a. [Pref. peri + Gr. ?, ?, tooth.] (Anat.) Surrounding the teeth. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • periodontal — Relativo o perteneciente a la región que rodea a un diente, como el periodontio. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • periodontal — 1854, lit. around the tooth, from PERI (Cf. peri ) + Gk. odon (gen. odontos) tooth (see TOOTH (Cf. tooth)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • periodontal — adj. 2 g. [Medicina] Relativo ao periodonto.   ‣ Etimologia: periodonto + al …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • periodontal — [per΄ē ə dän′təl] adj. [ PERI + ODONT + AL] Anat. 1. situated or occurring around a tooth 2. affecting the gums, connective tissues, etc. surrounding the teeth …   English World dictionary

  • periodontal — adjective Date: 1854 1. investing or surrounding a tooth 2. of or affecting periodontal tissues or regions < periodontal diseases > • periodontally adverb …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • periodontal — adjective a) surrounding a tooth Recently it has been shown that the bacterial flora of endodontic and periodontal abscesses differ in certain aspects. Thus, in an endodontic abscess, the number of spirochetes is between 0 and 10%, whereas in a… …   Wiktionary

  • periodontal — adjective of or relating to or involving or practicing periodontics periodontal disease • Syn: ↑periodontic • Pertains to noun: ↑periodontics, ↑periodontics (for: ↑periodontic) …   Useful english dictionary

  • periodontal — Adjective describing the region around the teeth ie. gums and gingival crevice. Periodontal disease is a common consequence of inadequate phagocyte function …   Dictionary of molecular biology

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