: The lower part of the abdomen located between the hip bones. Organs in the female pelvis include the uterus, vagina, ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder, and rectum.
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1. [NA] The massive cup-shaped ring of bone, with its ligaments, at the lower end of the trunk, formed of the hip bone (the pubic bone, ilium, and ischium) on either side and in front, and the of sacrum and coccyx posteriorly. 2. Any basinlike or cup-shaped cavity, as the p. of the kidney. [L. basin]
- android p. a masculine or funnel-shaped p..
- anthropoid p. p. with a long anteroposterior diameter and a narrow transverse diameter.
- assimilation p. a deformity in which the transverse processes of the last lumbar vertebra are fused with the sacrum, or the last sacral with the first coccygeal body.
- beaked p. SYN: osteomalacic p..
- brachypellic p. a p. in which the transverse diameter is more than 1 cm longer but less than 3 cm longer than the anteroposterior diameter. SYN: transverse oval p..
- caoutchouc p. in osteomalacia, a p. in which the bones are still soft. SYN: rubber p..
- contracted p. a p. with less than normal measurements in any diameter.
- cordate p., cordiform p. a p. with sacrum projecting forward between the ilia, giving to the brim a heart shape. SYN: heart-shaped p..
- Deventer p. a p. with shortened anteroposterior diameter.
- dolichopellic p. a p. in which the anteroposterior diameter is longer than the transverse. SYN: longitudinal oval p..
- dwarf p. a very small p., in which the several bones are united by cartilage as in the infant. SYN: p. nana.
- false p. SYN: greater p..
- flat p. a p. in which the anteroposterior diameter is uniformly contracted, the sacrum being dislocated forward between the iliac bones. SYN: p. plana.
- frozen p. a condition in which the true p. is indurated throughout, especially by carcinoma. SYN: hardened p..
- funnel-shaped p. a p. in which the pelvic inlet dimensions are normal, but the outlet is contracted in the transverse or in both transverse and anteroposterior diameters.
- p. of gallbladder SYN: Hartmann pouch.
- greater p. [TA] the expanded portion of the p. above the brim. SYN: p. major [TA], false p., large p., p. spuria.
- gynecoid p. the normal female p..
- hardened p. SYN: frozen p..
- heart-shaped p. SYN: cordate p..
- inverted p. split p. with separation at pubis.
- p. justo major a symmetrical p. with greater than normal measurements in all diameters.
- p. justo minor a p. of the female type, but with all its diameters smaller than normal.
- juvenile p. a p. justo minor in which the bones are slender.
- kyphoscoliotic p. a p. with marked anteroposterior curvature of the spine combined with lateral spinal curvature, usually due to severe rickets.
- kyphotic p. a deformed p. associated with a kyphotic deformity of the spine.
- large p. SYN: greater p..
- lesser p. [TA] the cavity of the p. below the brim or superior aperture. SYN: p. minor [TA], p. vera, small p., true p..
- longitudinal oval p. SYN: dolichopellic p..
- lordotic p. a deformed p. associated with a lordotic curvature of the spine.
- p. major [TA] SYN: greater p..
- masculine p. 1. a p. justo minor in which the bones are large and heavy; 2. a slight degree of funnel-shaped p. in the woman, in which the shape approximates that of the male p..
- mesatipellic p. obsolete term for one in which the anteroposterior and transverse diameters are equal or the transverse diameter is not more than 1 cm longer than the anteroposterior diameter. SYN: round p..
- p. minor [TA] SYN: lesser p..
- Nägele p. an obliquely contracted or unilateral synostotic p., marked by arrest of development of one lateral half of the sacrum, usually ankylosis of the sacroiliac joint on that side, rotation of the sacrum toward the same side, and deviation of the symphysis pubis to the opposite side.
- p. nana SYN: dwarf p..
- p. obtecta a form of kyphotic p. in which the angular curvature of the spine is low and extreme so that the spinal column projects horizontally across the inlet of the p..
- osteomalacic p. a pelvic deformity in osteomalacia; the pressure of the trunk on the sacrum and lateral pressure of the femoral heads produce a pelvic aperture that is three-cornered or has the shape of a heart or a cloverleaf, while the pubic bone becomes beak shaped. SYN: beaked p., rostrate p..
- Otto p. SYN: Otto disease.
- p. plana SYN: flat p..
- platypellic p. flat oval p., in which the transverse diameter is more than 3 cm longer than the anteroposterior diameter.
- platypelloid p. simple flat p..
- Prague p. SYN: spondylolisthetic p..
- pseudoosteomalacic p. an extreme degree of rachitic p., resembling the puerperal osteomalacic p., in which the pelvic canal is obstructed by a forward projection of the sacrum, and an approximation of the acetabula.
- rachitic p. a contracted and deformed p.; most commonly, a flat p. occurring from rachitic softening of the bones in early life.
- renal p. [TA] a flattened funnel-shaped expansion of the upper end of the ureter receiving the calices, the apex being continuous with the ureter. SYN: p. renalis [TA], ureteric p..
- p. renalis [TA] SYN: renal p..
- reniform p. a modified cordate p., with a long transverse diameter, giving the brim a kidney shape.
- Robert p. obsolete term for a p. that is narrowed transversely in consequence of the almost entire absence of the alae of the sacrum.
- rostrate p. SYN: osteomalacic p..
- round p. SYN: mesatipellic p..
- rubber p. SYN: caoutchouc p..
- scoliotic p. a deformed p. associated with lateral curvature of the spine.
- small p. SYN: lesser p..
- spider p. narrow calices of renal p..
- split p. a p. in which the symphysis pubis is absent, the pelvic bones being separated by quite an interval; usually associated with exstrophy of the bladder.
- spondylolisthetic p. a p. whose brim is more or less occluded by a forward dislocation of the body of the lower lumbar vertebra. SYN: Prague p., Rokitansky p..
- p. spuria SYN: greater p..
- true p. SYN: lesser p..
- ureteric p. SYN: renal p..
- p. vera SYN: lesser p..

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pel·vis 'pel-vəs n, pl pel·vis·es -və-səz or pel·ves -.vēz
1) a basin-shaped structure in the skeleton of many vertebrates that is formed by the pelvic girdle together with the sacrum and often various coccygeal and caudal vertebrae and that in humans is composed of the two hip bones bounding it on each side and in front while the sacrum and coccyx complete it behind

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n. (pl. pelves)
1. the bony structure formed by the hip bone, sacrum, and coccyx: the bony pelvis. The hip bones are fused at the back to the sacrum to form a rigid structure that protects the organs of the lower abdomen and provides attachment for the bones and muscles of the lower limbs.
2. the lower part of the abdomen.
3. the cavity within the bony pelvis.
4. any structure shaped like a basin, e.g. the expanded part of the ureter in the kidney (renal pelvis).
pelvic adj.

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pel·vis (pelґvis) pl. pelґves [L. “basin”] 1. [TA] the inferior portion of the trunk of the body, bounded anteriorly and laterally by the two hip bones and posteriorly by the sacrum and coccyx; see illustration. The pelvis is divided by a plane passing through the terminal lines into the p. major superiorly and the p. minor inferiorly. The superior boundary of the pelvic cavity is the inlet (apertura pelvis superior [TA]), and the inferior boundary of the pelvis minor is the outlet (apertura pelvis inferior [TA]), which is bounded by the coccyx, the symphysis pubis, and the ischium of either side. The outlet is closed by the coccygeus and levator ani muscles and the perineal fascia, which form the floor of the pelvis. The inlet and outlet each have three important diameters: an anteroposterior (conjugate), an oblique, and a transverse, the relations of which determine types variously classified by different authors (see illustration under diameter). 2. any basinlike structure.

Anterior aspect of female (A) and male (B) pelvis.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pelvis — ósea masculina, vista frontal. Predomina la dimensión vertical. Pelvis ósea femenina, vista f …   Wikipedia Español

  • pelvis — [ pɛlvis ] n. m. • 1666; mot lat. ♦ Anat. Bassin. ● pelvis nom masculin (latin pelvis) Partie inférieure du bassin osseux. ● pelvis (difficultés) nom masculin (latin pelvis) Prononciation …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • pelvis — f. anat. Cintura pélvica. Medical Dictionary. 2011. pelvis anillo óseo en forma de bacía en la parte inferior del …   Diccionario médico

  • pelvis — PÉLVIS, pelvisuri, s.n. Parte a scheletului uman situată la baza trunchiului, formată din oasele coxale şi din osul sacru; p. ext. bazin. – Din lat. pelvis. Trimis de valeriu, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  PÉLVIS s. 1. v. bazin. 2. pelvis renal v.… …   Dicționar Român

  • PELVIS — in sacris olim adhibita. Livius l. 27. c. 37. Tacta de caelo aedes prodigiumque id ad matronas pertinere Aruspices quum respondissent, donoque Divam (Iunonem) placandam esse donum pelvis aurea facta lataeque in Aventinum, pureque et caste a… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • pelvis — (plural pelvis) sustantivo femenino 1. Área: anatomía Porción ósea situada en la parte inferior del tronco de los mamíferos que contiene la terminación del tubo digestivo, la vejiga urinaria y algunos órganos del aparato genital. Locuciones 1.… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Pelvis — Pel vis, n. [L., a basin, laver; cf. Gr. ?, ?, bowl.] 1. (Anat.) The pelvic arch, or the pelvic arch together with the sacrum. See {Pelvic arch}, under {Pelvic}, and {Sacrum}. [1913 Webster] 2. (Zo[ o]l.) The calyx of a crinoid. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pelvis — 1610s, basin like cavity formed by the bones of the pelvic girdle, from Mod.L., from L. pelvis basin, laver, Old L. peluis basin, from PIE *pel container (Cf. Skt. palavi vessel, Gk. pelex helmet, pelike goblet, bowl, O.N., O.E. full …   Etymology dictionary

  • pelvis — (Del lat. pelvis, lebrillo). 1. f. Anat. Región del cuerpo de los mamíferos formada por los huesos sacro, cóccix e innominado, situada en la parte posterior del tronco, e inferior en la especie humana. Contiene la porción final del tubo digestivo …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • pelvis — ► NOUN (pl. pelvises or pelves) 1) the large bony frame at the base of the spine to which the lower limbs are attached. 2) (renal pelvis) the broadened top part of the ureter into which the kidney tubules drain. DERIVATIVES pelvic adjective. O …   English terms dictionary

  • Pelvis — (lat., Anat.), das Becken; daher Pelvimeter (Pelyko [Peliko ]meter), Beckenmesser …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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