An acute (sudden, shortlived) viral illness that usually presents with inflammation of the salivary glands, particularly the parotid glands. A child with mumps often looks like a chipmunk with a full mouth due to the swelling of the parotids (the salivary glands near the ears). Mumps can also cause inflammation of other tissues, most frequently the covering and substance of the central nervous system (meningoencephalitis), the pancreas (pancreatitis) and, after adolescence, the ovary (oophoritis) and the testis (orchitis). The testis is particularly susceptible to damage from mumps; the damage can lead to infertility. Together with the likes of measles and chickenpox, mumps was once considered one of the inevitable infectious diseases of childhood. Since a mumps vaccine became available in 1967, the incidence of mumps has declined in the U.S., but there are still many underimmunized populations (for example, more blacks than whites have not yet been immunized). Treatment is with rest and non-aspirin pain relievers to ease pain in swollen areas. Rarely, mumps can cause a form of meningitis, in which case hospitalization may be needed. Prevention is by immunization with the vaccine. The origin of the word mumps is not clear. It may have to do with the English usage, now obsolete, of "mump" to mean a grimace. More probably, mumps comes from a colder climate,
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An acute infectious and contagious disease caused by a m. virus of the genus Rubulavirus and characterized by fever, inflammation and swelling of the parotid gland, sometimes of other salivary glands, and occasionally by inflammation of the testis, ovary, pancreas, or meninges. SYN: epidemic parotiditis. [dialectic Eng. mump, a lump or bump]
- metastatic m. m. complicated by involvement of organs other than parotid glands, such as the testis, breast, or pancreas.
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Massachusetts General Hospital Utility Multi-Programming System

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mumps 'məm(p)s n pl but sing or pl in constr an acute contagious virus disease caused by a paramyxovirus of the genus Rubulavirus (species Mumps virus) and marked by fever and by swelling esp. of the parotid gland called also epidemic parotitis

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a common virus infection mainly affecting school-age children. Symptoms appear 2-3 weeks after exposure: fever, headache, and vomiting may precede a typical swelling of the parotid gland salivary glands. The gland on one side of the face often swells up days before the other but sometimes only one side is affected. The symptoms usually vanish within three days, the patient remaining infectious until the swelling has completely disappeared, but the infection may spread to other salivary glands and to the pancreas, brain (causing an aseptic meningitis), and testicles (after puberty mumps affecting the testicles can cause sterility). Vaccination against mumps provides effective immunity (see MMR vaccine). Medical name: infectious parotitis.

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(mumps) an acute infectious disease caused by a paramyxovirus called mumps virus, spread by direct contact, airborne droplet nuclei, fomites contaminated by infectious saliva, and perhaps urine; it is usually seen in children under the age of 15, but sometimes in adults. Many cases are subclinical, but in those that are clinically apparent the principal manifestation is parotitis, usually associated with painful swelling of one or both parotid glands and sometimes other salivary glands. Occasionally there may be infection of other organs, with complications such as epididymo-orchitis in males, oophoritis in females, meningoencephalitis, or pancreatitis. Called also epidemic parotitis.


Medical dictionary. 2011.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • MUMPS — (Massachusetts General Hospital Utility Multi Programming System) ist eine ursprünglich auf DEC PDP und VAX Computern entwickelte Programmiersprache (genauer eine Interpretersprache, die selbst Multitasking ermöglicht) mit integrierter Datenbank …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • mumps — /mumps/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Pathol. an infectious disease characterized by inflammatory swelling of the parotid and usually other salivary glands, and sometimes by inflammation of the testes or ovaries, caused by a paramyxovirus. [1590… …   Universalium

  • mumps — mȕmps (mȕms) m DEFINICIJA pat. zarazna bolest priušnih žlijezda koje oteknu na jednoj ili na obje strane lica; parotitis, zaušnjaci ETIMOLOGIJA njem. Mumps ← engl. mumps …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • mumps — the illness, is usually treated as a singular noun (Mumps is common in young children), and is sometimes used informally or locally with the • (This morning I had a chat with one of the girls who has been off sick with the mumps Evening Gazette,… …   Modern English usage

  • Mumps — Mumps, n. [Prov. E. mump to be sulky. Cf. {Mump}, {Mumble}, and {Mum}.] 1. pl. Sullenness; silent displeasure; the sulks. Skinner. [1913 Webster] 2. [Prob. so called from the patient s appearance.] (Med.) A specific infectious febrile disorder… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mumps — [mʌmps] n [U] also the mumps [Date: 1500 1600; Origin: mump expression made by twisting the mouth (16 17 centuries)] an infectious illness which makes your neck swell and become painful …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Mumps — der, landsch. auch die; <aus gleichbed. engl. mumps> Ziegenpeter; durch ein Virus hervorgerufene Entzündung der Ohrspeicheldrüse mit schmerzhaften Schwellungen (Med.) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Mumps — Smf (auch Mumpf südd. m.) Parotitis per. Wortschatz reg. (19. Jh.) Entlehnung. Als Krankheitsbezeichnung ist das Wort aus ne. mumps entlehnt, einer wie ein Singular behandelten Pluralform zu ne. mump ein verdrossenes Gesicht machen (bezogen auf… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • mumps — (n.) type of contagious disease, c.1600, from plural of mump a grimace (1590s), originally a verb, to whine like a beggar (1580s), from Du. mompen to cheat, deceive, originally probably to mumble, whine, of imitative origin. The infectious… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Mumps — Mumps: Der seit dem Anfang des 19. Jh.s bezeugte Name für die meist harmlos verlaufende ansteckende Entzündung der Ohrspeicheldrüse – dafür im Volksmund Bezeichnungen wie »Bauernwetzel« und »Ziegenpeter« (s. unter ↑ Ziege) – ist aus dem Engl.… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

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