Mendel, Gregor

Mendel, Gregor
The great Moravian/Bohemian biologist (1822-84) who set forth the basic laws that constitute the foundation of classical genetics. Mendelian inheritance is the manner in which genes and traits are passed from parents to their children. The modes of Mendelian inheritance are autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, X-linked dominant and X-linked recessive. Gregor Mendel was a monk who lived in an Augustinian monastery where teaching and research were emphasized and where he was given the freedom to pursue scientific studies in the diverse fields that interested him: mathematics, botany, physics, and meteorology. Mendel's meticulous controlled experiments with breeding peas in the monastery garden led him to conclude that the heritable units (now called genes) were not blends of parental traits but rather were separate physical entities passed individually from one generation to the next. Mendel's report in 1865 of his discoveries long went unnoticed. Charles Darwin never read the copy of Mendel’s paper he received The only scientist who did acknowledge it (a German botanist named Nageli) managed to misinterpret it. Mendel's discoveries were thus ignored for several decades. Then in 1900 (16 years after his death), Mendel’s paper was rediscovered by three scientists working in different countries. With the rediscovery of Mendel’s work, he came to be recognized as a great genius and the father of the new science of genetics.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Mendel, Gregor — ▪ Austrian botanist Introduction in full  Gregor Johann Mendel , original name (until 1843)  Johann Mendel  born July 22, 1822, Heinzendorf, Austria [now Hynčice, Czech Rep.] died Jan. 6, 1884, Brünn, Austria Hungary [now Brno, Czech Rep.]… …   Universalium

  • Mendel , Gregor Johann — (1822–1884) Austrian plant geneticist Born in Heinzendorf (now Hynčice in the Czech Republic), Mendel studied at Olmütz University before entering the Augustinian monastery at Brünn (now Brno in the Czech Republic) in 1843. His childhood… …   Scientists

  • Mendel, Gregor (Johann) — born July 22, 1822, Heinzendorf, Austria died Jan. 6, 1884, Brünn, Austria Hungary Austrian botanist and plant experimenter. He became an Augustinian monk in 1843 and later studied at the University of Vienna. In 1856, working in his monastery s… …   Universalium

  • Mendel, Gregor (Johann) — (22 jul. 1822, Heinzendorf, Austria–6 ene. 1884, Brünn, Austria Hungría). Botánico y experimentador con plantas austríaco. Se ordenó monje agustino en 1843 y después estudió en la Universidad de Viena. En 1856, mientras trabajaba en el jardín del …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mendel,Gregor Johann — Men·del (mĕnʹdl), Gregor Johann. 1822 1884. Austrian botanist and founder of the science of genetics. Through experiments with plants, chiefly garden peas, he discovered the principle of the inheritance of characteristics through the combination… …   Universalium

  • Mendel, Gregor Johann —  (1822–1884) Austrian botanist whose work became the basis of modern genetics …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

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  • Gregor Mendel — Gregor Johann Mendel (Geburtsname Johann Mendel[1], * 20. Juli 1822[2] in Heinzendorf (heute Ortsteil von Vražné) bei Odrau, Österreichisch Schlesien; † 6. Januar 1884 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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