An abnormally elevated mood state characterized by such symptoms as inappropriate elation, increased irritability, severe insomnia, grandiose notions, increased speed and/or volume of speech, disconnected and racing thoughts, increased sexual desire, markedly increased energy and activity level, poor judgment, and inappropriate social behavior. A mild form in mania that does not require hospitalization is called hypomania. Mania that also features symptoms of depression (“agitated depression”) is called mixed mania. See bipolar disorders. See also hypomania, mixed mania.
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An emotional disorder characterized by euphoria or irritability, increased psychomotor activity, rapid speech, flight of ideas, decreased need for sleep, distractibility, grandiosity, and poor judgment; usually occurs in bipolar disorder. See manic-depressive, manic excitement. [G. frenzy]
- acute m. SYN: manic excitement.

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ma·nia 'mā-nē-ə, -nyə n excitement of psychotic proportions manifested by mental and physical hyperactivity, disorganization of behavior, and elevation of mood specif the manic phase of bipolar disorder

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a state of mind characterized by excessive cheerfulness and increased activity. The mood is euphoric and changes rapidly to irritability. Thought and speech are rapid to the point of incoherence and the connections between ideas may be impossible to follow. Behaviour is also overactive, extravagant, overbearing, and sometimes violent. Judgment is impaired, and therefore the sufferer may damage his own interests. There may be grandiose delusions. Treatment is usually with drugs, such as lithium or phenothiazines, and hospital admission is frequently necessary. See also affective disorder, manic-depressive psychosis.
manic adj.

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ma·nia (maґne-ə) [Gr. “madness”] a phase of bipolar disorder characterized by expansiveness, elation, agitation, hyperexcitability, hyperactivity, and increased speed of thought and speech (flight of ideas); called also manic syndrome.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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