An X-ray of the breast with the breast in a device that compresses and flattens it. There are two basic mammogram tests — screening mammograms and diagnostic mammograms. A screening mammogram is one done in women who have no signs of breast cancer. It usually involves two X-rays of each breast. The aim of a screening mammogram is to detect a tumor that cannot be felt. Most mammograms that are performed are screening mammograms. A diagnostic mammogram takes longer and involves correspondingly more radiation exposure than a screening mammogram because it involves more X-rays. Diagnostic mammograms are done to evaluate: {{}}Abnormalities that have seen or suspected on a prior screening mammogram; Subjective or objectives abnormalities in the breast such as a lump, pain, thickening, nipple discharge or a inexplicable change in breast size or shape; Breasts for which it is difficult to obtain a clear X-ray by a screening mammogram because of special circumstances such as breast implants. Although doubts have been raised as to whether screening mammography prevents breast cancer deaths, in January 2002 both the National Cancer Institute and the American Cancer Society reiterated their longstanding recommendation that women over 40 have regular mammograms. The same recommendation holds for women with a family history of breast cancer.
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The record produced by mammography.

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mam·mo·gram 'mam-ə-.gram n
1) a photograph of the breasts made by X-rays
2) the procedure for producing a mammogram

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mam·mo·gram (mamґə-gram) a radiograph of the breast.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • mammogram — 1937, from MAMMO (Cf. mammo ) + GRAM (Cf. gram) …   Etymology dictionary

  • mammogram — ► NOUN ▪ an image obtained by mammography …   English terms dictionary

  • mammogram — [mam′ə gram΄] n. an X ray obtained by mammography …   English World dictionary

  • mammogram — UK [ˈmæməɡræm] / US [ˈmæməˌɡræm] noun [countable] Word forms mammogram : singular mammogram plural mammograms medical a photograph of a woman s breast taken using x rays in order to discover whether she has breast cancer …   English dictionary

  • mammogram — noun Etymology: Latin mamma + English o + gram Date: 1937 a photograph of the breasts made by X rays; also the procedure for producing a mammogram …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • mammogram — [[t]mæ̱məgræm[/t]] mammograms N COUNT A mammogram is a test used to check whether women have breast cancer, using x rays …   English dictionary

  • mammogram — /mam euh gram /, n. an x ray photograph obtained by mammography. [1935 40; MAMM(A)2 + O + GRAM1] * * * …   Universalium

  • mammogram — noun An X ray picture of the breasts (mammaries), used to screen for breast cancer …   Wiktionary

  • mammogram — mam|mo|gram [ˈmæməgræm] n an ↑X ray picture of a woman s breasts used to check for signs of ↑cancer …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • mammogram — mam|mo|gram [ mæmə,græm ] noun count a photograph of a woman s breast taken using X RAYS …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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