valeric acid

valeric acid
Normal aliphatic acid; distilled from valerian; some of its salts are used in medicine; found in human colon. SYN: pentanoic acid.

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va·le·ric acid və-.lir-ik- also va·le·ri·an·ic acid və-.lir-ē-.an-ik- n any of four isomeric fatty acids C5H10O2 or a mixture of two or more of them:
a) a liquid normal acid that has a disagreeable odor and that is used in organic synthesis called also pentanoic acid
b) ISOVALERIC ACID
c) a liquid acid existing in three optically isomeric forms and occurring usu. in the dextrorotatory form in a few essential oils
d) PIVALIC ACID

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va·le·ric ac·id (və-lērґik) a monobasic organic acid derived from valerian, used as an intermediate in pharmaceutical manufacture.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • valeric acid — [və ler′ik, vəlir′ik] n. any of four isomeric fatty acids, C4H9COOH, some originally found in valerian root, but all now made synthetically: used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, flavors, perfumes, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Valeric acid — Chembox new Reference= [ Merck Index , 12th Edition, 10042.] Name = Valeric acid ImageFile = Valeric acid.png ImageSize = 150px ImageName = Valeric acid IUPACName = Pentanoic acid OtherNames = Valeric acid Butane 1 carboxylic acid Section1 =… …   Wikipedia

  • valeric acid — valerijonų rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija formulė H(CH₂)₄COOH atitikmenys: angl. valeric acid rus. валериановая кислота ryšiai: sinonimas – pentano rūgštis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • valeric acid — [və lɛrɪk, lɪərɪk] noun Chemistry a liquid fatty acid present in various plant oils, used in perfumery. Origin C19: valeric from valerian + ic …   English new terms dictionary

  • valeric acid — noun Etymology: valerian; from its occurrence in the root of valerian Date: 1857 any of four isomeric fatty acids C5H10O2 or a mixture of these; especially a liquid acid of disagreeable odor obtained from valerian or made synthetically and used… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • valeric acid — noun A short chain aliphatic carboxylic acid, CH(CH)COOH, obtained from the roots of valerian; used in perfume, flavourings, pharmaceuticals See Also: valerate …   Wiktionary

  • valeric acid — n. Chem. = PENTANOIC ACID. Etymology: VALERIAN + IC …   Useful english dictionary

  • Active valeric acid — Valeric Va*ler ic, a. (Chem.) Valerianic; specifically, designating any one of three metameric acids, of which the typical one (called also {inactive valeric acid}), {C4H9CO2H}, is obtained from valerian root and other sources, as a corrosive,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • inactive valeric acid — Valeric Va*ler ic, a. (Chem.) Valerianic; specifically, designating any one of three metameric acids, of which the typical one (called also {inactive valeric acid}), {C4H9CO2H}, is obtained from valerian root and other sources, as a corrosive,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • valeric acid — Chem. any of several isomeric organic acids having the formula C5H10O2, the common one being a liquid of pungent odor obtained from valerian roots: used chiefly as an intermediate in perfumery. [1855 60] * * * …   Universalium

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