tularemia

tularemia
A disease caused by Francisella tularensis and transmitted to humans from rodents through the bite of a deer fly, Chrysops discalis, and other bloodsucking insects; can also be acquired directly through the bite of an infected animal or through handling of an infected animal carcass; symptoms, similar to those of undulant fever and plague, are a prolonged intermittent or remittent fever and often swelling and suppuration of the lymph node s draining the site of infection; rabbits are an important reservoir host. SYN: deer-fly disease, deer-fly fever, Pahvant Valley fever, Pahvant Valley plague, rabbit fever. [Tulare, Lake and County, CA, + G. haima, blood]
- glandular t. t. with predominant lymph node infection as the main manifestation.
- pulmonary t. t. affecting the lungs; tularemic pneumonia. SYN: pulmonic t..
- pulmonic t. SYN: pulmonary t..

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tu·la·re·mia or chiefly Brit tu·la·rae·mia .t(y)ü-lə-'rē-mē-ə n an infectious disease esp. of wild rabbits, rodents, humans, and some domestic animals that is caused by a bacterium (Francisella tularensis), is transmitted esp. by the bites of insects, and in humans is marked by symptoms (as fever) of toxemia called also rabbit fever
tu·la·re·mic or chiefly Brit tu·la·rae·mic -mik adj

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tu·la·re·mia (too″lə-reґme-ə) [Tulare County, California, where it was first described in 1911] a plaguelike, zoonotic disease caused by infection with the bacillus Francisella tularensis, whose hosts include sheep and various species of lagomorphs and rodents such as rabbits, squirrels, and muskrats. It is transmitted by the bites of deerflies, fleas, and ticks; by contact with contaminated animals or their products; by inhalation of aerosolized F. tularensis; and by ingestion of contaminated food or water. In addition to a marked reaction at the portal of entry of the pathogen, which has led to classification of the various forms of tularemia, most cases are characterized by abrupt onset of fever, chills, weakness, headache, backache, and malaise. Called also deer fly, Pahvant Valley, or rabbit fever and Francis disease. tularemic adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • tularemia — s. f. Doença infecciosa devida a um micróbio específico (bacterium tularense), epidêmica no coelho e transmissível ao homem. (A tularemia, a princípio observada nos Estados Unidos, depois no Japão, encontra se agora na Europa.) …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • tularemia — ☆ tularemia [to͞o΄lə rē′mē ə, tyo͞o΄lə rē′mē ə ] n. [ModL, after Tulare County, California (< Sp tulares, pl., regions overgrown with tules: see TULE) + EMIA] an infectious disease of rodents, esp. rabbits, caused by a bacterium (Francisella… …   English World dictionary

  • Tularemia — Lesión tularémica en la mano. La tularemia, o fiebre de los conejos, es una enfermedad infecciosa potencialmente grave causada por la bacteria Francisella tularensis. Es endémica en Norteamérica, Europa y Asia. Siendo los huéspedes reservorios… …   Wikipedia Español

  • tularemia — tularemic, tularaemic, adj. /tooh leuh ree mee euh/, n. Pathol., Vet. Pathol. a plaguelike disease of rabbits, squirrels, etc., caused by a bacterium, Francisella tularensis, transmitted to humans by insects or ticks or by the handling of… …   Universalium

  • Tularemia — ► sustantivo femenino MEDICINA Enfermedad infecciosa debida a un microbio específico, epidémica en la liebre y transmisible a las personas. * * * La tularemia o fiebre de los conjejos es una enfermedad potencialmente grave que se presenta de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • tularemia — tuliaremija statusas T sritis apsauga nuo naikinimo priemonių apibrėžtis Ūminė užkrečiamoji liga, kuri reiškiasi karščiavimu, bendru organizmo apsinuodijimu, limfmazgių uždegimu ir įvairių organų pažeidimu. Tuliaremiją sukelia bakterijos, kurios… …   Apsaugos nuo naikinimo priemonių enciklopedinis žodynas

  • tularemia — noun Etymology: New Latin, from Tulare County, California Date: 1921 an infectious zoonotic disease especially of wild rabbits, rodents, humans, and some domestic animals that is caused by a bacterium (Francisella tularensis), is transmitted… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • tularemia — (too lah re me ah) A plaguelike disease of animals caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis subsp. tularensis (Jellison type A), which may be transmitted to humans …   Dictionary of microbiology

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