A genus of anaerobic bacteria (order Spirochaetales) consisting of cells, 3–8 μm in length, with acute, regular, or irregular spirals and no obvious protoplasmic structure. A terminal filament may be present. They stain with difficulty except with Giemsa stain or silver impregnation. Some species are pathogenic and parasitic for humans and other animals, generally producing local lesions in tissues. The type species is T. pallidum. [G. trepo, to turn, + nema, thread]
- T. carateum a bacterial species that causes pinta, or carate.
- T. cuniculi a bacterial species that causes spirochetosis in rabbits.
- T. denticola cultivatable bacterial species that does not ferment carbohydrates and can be isolated from the oral cavity of humans.
- T. genitalis a nonpathogenic bacterial species found on the genitalia of humans.
- T. hyodysenteriae an enteropathogenic bacterial species that causes swine dysentery.
- T. mucosum a bacterial species found in pyorrhea alveolaris; it possesses pyogenic properties.
- T. pallidum a bacterial species that causes syphilis in humans; this organism can be experimentally transmitted to anthropoid apes and to rabbits; it is the type species of the genus T..
- T. pertenue a bacterial species that causes yaws; patients with this disease give positive results in serologic screening tests for syphilis.

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trep·o·ne·ma .trep-ə-'nē-mə n
1) cap a genus of the family Spirochaetaceae comprising anaerobic spirochetes that are pathogenic in humans and other warm-blooded animals and include one (T. pallidum) causing syphilis and another (T. pertenue) causing yaws
2) pl -ma·ta -mət-ə or -mas any spirochete of the genus Treponema

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a genus of anaerobic spirochaete bacteria. All species are parasitic and some cause disease in animals and humans: T. carateum causes pinta, T. pallidum syphilis, and T. pertenue yaws.

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Trep·o·ne·ma (trep″o-neґmə) [trepo- + Gr. nēma thread] a genus of gram-negative bacteria of the family Spirochaetaceae, consisting of microaerophilic, spiral microorganisms that exhibit motility with a flexing, bending, snapping motion and divide by transverse fission. The outer surfaces have polar flagella that wind around the organism. They are found in the oral, intestinal, and genital mucosa. Pathogenic species, which cause syphilis, yaws, and pinta, have not been cultured in vitro.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Treponema — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tréponème (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Treponema — pallidum Systematik Domäne: Bakterien Abteilung: Sp …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • treponemă — TREPONÉMĂ, treponeme, s.f. Specie de spirochet care reprezintă agentul patogen al sifilisului (Treponema pallidum) – Din fr. tréponème. Trimis de dante, 01.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  treponémă s. f., g. d. art. treponémei; pl. treponéme Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • treponema — treponéma ž DEFINICIJA zool. spiralno zavijena tanka štapićasta bakterija (Treponema pallidum) iz roda spiroheta ETIMOLOGIJA nlat. treponema ← grč. trépein: vrtiti + nȇma: pređa, konac …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • treponema — género de bacterias de la familia de las espiroquetas, móviles y estrictamente anaerobias. Son patógenas y producen enfermedades de las mucosas oral y genital del hombre. Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010. Treponema …   Diccionario médico

  • treponema — m. Biol. Género de bacterias del grupo de las espiroquetas, casi siempre parásitas y a veces patógenas para el hombre, como el treponema pálido, agente productor de la sífilis …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • treponema — [trep΄ə nē′mə] n. pl. treponemas or treponemata [trep΄ə nē′mə tə] [ModL < Gr trepein, to turn (see TROPE) + nēma, a thread < IE base * (s)nē > NEEDLE] any of a genus (Treponema) of slender spirochetes parasitic in mammals and birds,… …   English World dictionary

  • Treponema — См. Трепонема (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

  • treponema — |ê| s. m. [Zoologia] Gênero de protozoários a que pertence o agente específico da sífilis …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Treponema —   Treponema pallidum …   Wikipedia Español

  • Treponema — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tréponème (homonymie). Treponema …   Wikipédia en Français

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