An important public health problem in N America involving infection caused by eating food contaminated with the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. The disease affects primarily pregnant women, newborns, and anyone with immune compromise. Symptoms include fever, muscle aches, nausea and diarrhea. If infection spreads to the nervous system, symptoms such as headache, stiff neck, confusion, loss of balance, or convulsions can occur. Infection during pregnancy may appear mild but can lead to stillbirth, premature delivery and infection of the newborn. Persons at risk can prevent the infection by avoiding certain high-risk foods and by handling food properly. You should thoroughly cook raw food from animal sources (such as beef, pork, or poultry); keep uncooked meats separate from vegetables, cooked foods and ready-to-eat foods;. wash raw vegetables thoroughly before eating them;. and avoid raw (unpasteurized) milk or foods made from raw milk. The Listeria bacteria are named after the English surgeon and apostle of antisepsis, Joseph Lister (1827-1912).
* * *
A sporadic disease of animals and humans, particularly those who are immunocompromised or pregnant, caused by the bacterium, Listeria monocytogenes. The infection in sheep and cattle frequently involves the central nervous system, causing various neurologic signs; in monogastric animals and fowl, the chief manifestations are septicemia and necrosis of the liver. Meningitis, bacteremia, and focal metastatic disease are associated with l.. SYN: listeria meningitis. [fr. organism Listeria]

* * *

lis·te·ri·o·sis (.)lis-.tir-ē-'ō-səs also lis·ter·el·lo·sis .lis-tə-rə-'lō-səs n, pl -ri·o·ses also -lo·ses -.sēz a serious disease of animals and humans that is caused by a bacterium of the genus Listeria (L. monocytogenes), that in animals causes severe encephalitis accompanied by disordered movements and is often fatal, that is contracted by humans esp. from contaminated food (as processed meats or unpasteurized milk or cheese), that in otherwise healthy people typically takes the form of a mild flulike illness or has no noticeable symptoms, that in neonates, the elderly, and the immunocompromised often causes serious sometimes fatal illness with symptoms including meningitis and sepsis, and that in pregnant women usu. causes only mild illness in the mother but often results in miscarriage, stillbirth, or premature birth see CIRCLING DISEASE

* * *

lis·te·ri·o·sis (lis-te″re-oґsis) 1. human infection caused by Listeria monocytogenes. In utero infection occurs transplacentally and results in abortion, stillbirth, or premature birth. Infection acquired by an infant during birth causes cardiorespiratory distress, diarrhea, vomiting, and meningitis. In adults it produces meningitis, endocarditis, febrile gastroenteritis, and disseminated granulomatous lesions. 2. infection of domestic animals by L. monocytogenes. In cattle and sheep this causes abortion, encephalitis, and other neurologic signs; nonruminants may suffer from necrosis of the liver. Because affected animals tend to move in circles, it is also known as circling disease.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Listeriosis — Classification and external resources Listeria monocytogenes ICD 10 A …   Wikipedia

  • listeriosis — f. parasit. Infección provocada por Listeria monocytogenes que suele afectar preferentemente a recién nacidos. La infección provoca una septicemia, infecciones oculares, con afección meningoencefalítica, cutánea, cardíaca y hepática, además de… …   Diccionario médico

  • Listeriosis — Clasificación y recursos externos CIE 10 A …   Wikipedia Español

  • listeriosis — [lis tir΄ē ō′sis] n. pl. listerioses [lis tir΄ē ō′sēz΄] [see LISTERIA] any of various infections in animals and occas. humans, caused by listeria and often associated with encephalitis, meningitis, etc …   English World dictionary

  • listeriosis — /li stear ee oh sis/, n., pl. listerioses / seez/. Vet. Pathol. a disease of wild and domestic mammals, birds, and occasionally of humans, caused by a bacterium, Listeria monocytogenes, and characterized by lack of control of movement, paralysis …   Universalium

  • listeriosis — {{#}}{{LM L42824}}{{〓}} {{[}}listeriosis{{]}} ‹lis·te·rio·sis› {{◆}}(pl. listeriosis){{◇}} {{《}}▍ s.f.{{》}} Enfermedad infecciosa, de origen bacteriológico, especialmente peligrosa para mujeres embarazadas y bebés …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • Listeriosis in animals — Listeriosis is far a more common pathological condition in domestics animals (domestic mammals and poultry), especially ruminants, than in human beings. But it can also occur in feral animals, among others, game animals as well as in poultry and… …   Wikipedia

  • listeriosis diseminada — sepsis de origen desconocido que aparece en recién nacidos infectados durante el parto o inmediatamente después, y en adultos, casi siempre mayores de 40 años, afectos, en el 50% de los casos, de una enfermedad subyacente grave, y sometidos a… …   Diccionario médico

  • listeriosis meningítica — la meningitis listeriósica suele afectar a recién nacidos y a adultos inmunodeprimidos, a menudo mayores de 40 años. Cursa con manifestaciones poco evidentes, como anorexia, falta de desarrollo y a veces febrícula. No hay rigidez de nuca y la… …   Diccionario médico

  • listeriosis — noun (plural listerioses) Etymology: New Latin, from Listeria, from Joseph Lister Date: 1941 a serious encephalitic disease of a wide variety of animals that is caused by a bacterium (Listeria monocytogenes) and that in animals is often fatal but …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • listeriosis — a disease caused by the pathogenic bacterium (Listeria monocytogenes) which is widespread in nature and can rarely infect fish at all stages of the food producing process. Can survive heat, freezing and drying. Causes gastrointestinal upsets,… …   Dictionary of ichthyology

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”