Material (silk, gut, wire, etc) used to ligate (to tie) something. Ligatures are used to tie off blood vessels. "Ligature" is from the Latin "ligare" meaning " to bind or tie."
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1. A thread, wire, fillet, or the like, tied tightly around a blood vessel, the pedicle of a tumor, or other structure to constrict it. 2. In orthodontics, a wire or other material used to secure an orthodontic attachment or tooth to an archwire. [L. ligatura, a band or tie, fr. ligo, to tie]
- elastic l. 1. a rubber l. that slowly constricts; 2. in orthodontics, a stretchable threadlike material that may be tied from a tooth to an archwire or from tooth to tooth to gain movement of these units.
- nonabsorbable l. a permanent l. of inert material, such as silk, wire, or synthetic fiber, that does not undergo dissolution in human tissues.
- occluding l. a l. to shut off completely the distal blood supply.
- provisional l. a l. applied to an artery in continuity at the beginning of an operation to prevent hemorrhage, but removed when the operation is completed.
- soluble l. a temporary l. of material that can be absorbed by human tissues.
- Stannius l. a l. placed either around the junction between the sinus venosus and atrium of the frog or turtle heart (first Stannius l.) or around the atrioventricular junction (second Stannius l.); demonstrates that the cardiac impulse is conducted from sinus venosus to atria to ventricle, but that successive chambers possess automaticity since each may continue to beat, but the atria now have a slower rate than the sinus venosus, and the ventricle either does not contract or beats at a slower rate than the atria.
- suboccluding l. a l. to diminish blood supply and encourage collateral circulation.
- suture l. a l. applied by passing a needle with attached thread through or around a structure to more firmly secure the l..

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lig·a·ture 'lig-ə-.chu̇(ə)r, -chər, -.t(y)u̇(ə)r n
1) something that is used to bind specif a filament (as a thread) used in surgery (as for tying blood vessels)
2) the action or result of binding or tying <the \ligature of an artery>
ligature vt, -tured; -tur·ing to tie up or bind <ligaturing the blood vessels (Veterinary Record)>

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any material - for example, nylon, silk, catgut, or wire - that is tied firmly round a blood vessel to stop it bleeding or around the base of a structure (such as the pedicle of a growth) to constrict it.

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lig·a·ture (ligґə-chər) [L. ligatura] 1. any substance, such as surgical gut, cotton, silk, or wire, used to tie a vessel or strangulate a part. 2. see under wire.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • ligature — [ ligatyr ] n. f. • XVe; ligadure XIVe; bas lat. ligatura, de ligare → lier 1 ♦ Opération consistant à réunir, à fixer, à serrer avec un lien. Faire une ligature. Chir. Nœud fait à l aide d un fil autour d un vaisseau (hémostase), d un cordon ou… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ligature — may refer to: Ligature (medicine) Ligature (music), a characteristic notation style of the Medieval and Renaissance periods of music history Ligature (musical instrument), a device used to attach a reed to the mouthpiece of a woodwind instrument… …   Wikipedia

  • ligature — Ligature. s. f. Bande dont les Chirurgiens lient les membres pour faire leurs operations. Serrer, lascher la ligature. faire une ligature. Il signifie aussi, La maniere de lier avec cette bande. C est un Chirurgien qui entend bien les ligatures.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Ligature — Lig a*ture (l[i^]g [.a]*t[ u]r; 135), n. [L. ligatura, fr. ligare, ligatum, to bind: cf. F. ligature. Cf. {Ally}, {League}, {Legatura}, {Liable}, {Ligament}.] 1. The act of binding. [1913 Webster] 2. Anything that binds; a band or bandage. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ligature — c.1400, something used in tying or binding, from M.Fr. ligature (14c.), from L.L. ligatura a band, from L. ligatus, pp. of ligare to bind (see LIGAMENT (Cf. ligament)). In musical notation from 1590s; of letters joined in printing or writing from …   Etymology dictionary

  • ligature — ► NOUN 1) a thing used for tying something tightly. 2) a cord used in surgery, especially to tie up a bleeding artery. 3) Music a slur or tie. 4) Printing a character consisting of two or more joined letters, e.g. æ. ► VERB ▪ bind or connect with …   English terms dictionary

  • ligature — [lig′ə chər] n. [ME < MFr < LL ligatura < pp. of L ligare, to bind < IE base * leiĝ , to bind > MLowG līk, a tie, MHG geleich, joint, Alb lidhe, a bond] 1. a tying or binding together 2. a thing used in tying or binding together;… …   English World dictionary

  • Ligature — Lig a*ture (l[i^]g [.a]*t[ u]r), v. t. (Surg.) To ligate; to tie. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ligature — (frz., spr. tühr), hinterind. Geldgröße, ein Bündel von 600 Dong (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • ligature — index chain (nexus), connection (fastening) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • ligature — in printing, is a pair of letters printed in a joined form, e.g. æ. See digraph …   Modern English usage

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