- An instrument through which structures within the abdomen and pelvis can be seen. A small surgical incision (cut) is made in the abdominal wall to permit the laparoscope to enter the abdomen or pelvis. A diversity of tubes can be pushed through the same incision or other small incisions permitting the introduction of probes and other instruments. In this way, a number of surgical procedures can be performed without the need for a large surgical incision.
* * *An endoscope for examining the peritoneal cavity. SYN: peritoneoscope. [laparo- + G. skopeo, to view]
* * *lap·a·ro·scope 'lap(-ə)-rə-.skōp n a usu. rigid endoscope that is inserted through an incision in the abdominal wall and is used to examine visually the interior of the peritoneal cavity called also peritoneoscope
* * *n.a surgical instrument (a type of endoscope) comprising an illuminated viewing tube generally connected to a camera, with the image viewed on a video screen. It is inserted through the abdominal wall to enable the surgeon to view the abdominal organs (see laparoscopy). It can be used as a means to allow surgical procedures to be carried out with special instruments without using a surgical incision.
* * *lap·a·ro·scope (lapґə-ro-skōp″) an instrument, comparable to an endoscope, that is inserted into the peritoneal cavity to inspect it. Called also celioscope and peritoneoscope.
Medical dictionary. 2011.