In biologic nomenclature, a term used to denote one of two or more names for the same species or taxonomic group (taxon).
- objective synonyms different names for the same organism, based on one and the same nomenclatural type, as when a species is transferred from one genus to another ( e.g., the transfer of Diplococcus pneumoniae to the genus Streptococcus as Streptococcus pneumoniae), in contrast to subjective synonyms.
- senior s. the earliest published of two or more available names for the same organism, usually used as the correct name (law of priority).
- subjective synonyms different names, based on different nomenclatural types, for organisms that were originally regarded as different but were later considered to be identical, or nearly so, as a matter of personal opinion, in contrast to objective synonyms.

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syn·onym 'sin-ə-.nim n a taxonomic name rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form
syn·onym·i·ty .sin-ə-'nim-ət-ē n, pl -ties

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Synonym — Synonym …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • synonym — Adj gleichbedeutend per. Wortschatz fach. (19. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. synonymique, dieses aus l. synōnymus, aus gr. synṓnymos, zu gr. ónoma Name, Benennung, Wort und gr. syn , also gleichnamig . Abstraktum: Synonymie.    Ebenso nndl.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Synonym — Syn o*nym (s[i^]n [ o]*n[i^]m), n.; pl. {Synonyms} (s[i^]n [ o]*n[i^]mz). [F. synonyme, L. synonyma, pl. of synonymum, Gr. synw nymon. See {Synonymous}.] 1. One of two or more words (commonly words of the same language) which are equivalents of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Synonȳm — (v. gr.), von gleicher Bedeutung sinnähnlich, sinnverwandt; bes. nennt Synonimus solche Wörter, welche unter einander gleiche Bedeutung haben od. doch wenigstens sinnverwandt sind. Streng genommen gibt es in keiner Sprache Wörter, welche… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Synonym — Synonȳm (grch.), gleichbedeutend, sinnverwandt; Synonyme (Synonўma), sinnverwandte Wörter, Synonymīe, Sinnähnlichkeit; Synonȳmik, Lehre von den sinnverwandten Wörtern …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Synonym — Synonym, gleichbedeutend (sinnverwandt); daher Synonymen: Worte, welche, obwohl ganz verschieden klingend, doch dasselbe bedeuten. Sie entstehen durch Einbürgerung von Fremdwörtern (wie civil = bürgerlich), durch Näherung der verschiedenen… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Synonym — Synonym, griech. dtsch., gleich od. ähnlichbedeutend, sinnverwandt; S.e, S.a, Wörter von gleicher od. ähnlicher Bedeutung; S. ik, die Darstellung des Unterschiedes der sog. S.en …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • synonym — index call (title), definition, same Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • synonym — (n.) early 15c. (but rare before 18c.), from L. synonymum, from Gk. synonymon word having the same sense as another, noun use of neut. of synonymos having the same name as, synonymous, from syn together, same (see SYN (Cf. syn )) + onyma, Aeolic… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Synonym — »sinnverwandtes Wort«: Der sprachwissenschaftliche Terminus wurde im 15./16. Jh. aus lat. (verbum) synonymum entlehnt, das seinerseits aus griech. (rhēma) synō̓nymon stammt. Griech. syn ō̓nymos »gleichbedeutend; gleichnamig« ist eine Bildung… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • synonym — ► NOUN ▪ a word or phrase that means the same as another word or phrase in the same language. DERIVATIVES synonymy noun. ORIGIN Greek sun numon, from onoma name …   English terms dictionary

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