Loss of consciousness and postural tone caused by diminished cerebral blood flow. [G. synkope, a cutting short, a swoon]
- Adams-Stokes s. s. due to complete AV block. SYN: Morgagni-Adams-Stokes s..
- cardiac s. fainting with unconsciousness of any cardiac cause.
- carotid sinus s. s. resulting from overactivity of the carotid sinus; attacks may be spontaneous or produced by pressure on a sensitive carotid sinus.
- deglutition s. faintness or unconsciousness upon swallowing. This is nearly always due to excessive vagal effect on a heart that may already have bradycardia or atrioventricular block. SYN: swallow s..
- hysterical s. fainting due to, or to avoid, emotional stress.
- laryngeal s. a paroxysmal neurosis characterized by attacks of coughing, with unusual sensations, as of tickling, in the throat, followed by a brief period of unconsciousness.
- local s. limited numbness in a part, especially of the fingers; one of the symptoms, usually associated with local asphyxia, of Raynaud disease.
- micturition s. s. occurring in association with the act of emptying the bladder.
- Morgagni-Adams-Stokes s. SYN: Adams-Stokes s..
- postural s. s. upon assuming an upright position; caused by failure of normal vasoconstrictive mechanisms.
- swallow s. SYN: deglutition s..
- tussive s. fainting as a result of a coughing spell, caused by persistent increased intrathoracic pressure diminishing venous return to the heart, thus lowering cardiac output; most often occurs in heavy-set male smokers who have chronic bronchitis. SYN: Charcot vertigo, laryngeal vertigo.
- vasodepressor s. faintness or loss of consciousness due to reflex reduction in blood pressure. SYN: vasovagal s..
- vasovagal s. SYN: vasodepressor s..

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syn·co·pe 'siŋ-kə-pē, 'sin- n loss of consciousness resulting from insufficient blood flow to the brain: FAINT

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loss of consciousness induced by a temporarily insufficient flow of blood to the brain. It commonly occurs in otherwise healthy people and may be caused by an emotional shock, by standing for prolonged periods, or by injury and profuse bleeding. An attack comes on gradually, with lightheadedness, sweating, and blurred vision. Recovery is normally prompt and without any persisting ill-effects.

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syn·co·pe (singґkə-pe) [Gr. synkopē] a temporary suspension of consciousness due to generalized cerebral ischemia; called also faint. syncopal, syncopic adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • syncope — Syncope …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • syncope — [ sɛ̃kɔp ] n. f. • sincope 1314; lat. syncopa; gr. sugkopê, de sugkoptein « briser » 1 ♦ Arrêt ou ralentissement marqué des battements du cœur, accompagné de la suspension de la respiration et de la perte de la conscience. ⇒ éblouissement,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • syncopé — syncope [ sɛ̃kɔp ] n. f. • sincope 1314; lat. syncopa; gr. sugkopê, de sugkoptein « briser » 1 ♦ Arrêt ou ralentissement marqué des battements du cœur, accompagné de la suspension de la respiration et de la perte de la conscience. ⇒ éblouissement …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Syncope — may refer to one of the following:* Syncope (medicine), loss of consciousness, fainting * Vasovagal syncope, a common form of fainting * Syncope (phonetics), the loss of one or more sounds from the interior of a word especially the loss of an… …   Wikipedia

  • syncopé — syncopé, ée (sin ko pé, pée) part. passé de syncoper. 1°   Qui a subi le retranchement d une lettre ou d une syllabe. Si, au lieu de je paierai, je prierai, on écrit je paîrai, je prîrai, etc. ces mots sont syncopés. 2°   Terme de musique. Note… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • syncope — SYNCOPE. s. f. Figure de grammaire, qui consiste dans le retranchement d une lettre ou d une syllabe au milieu d un mot. Dans le vieux langage quand on disoit, je donray, pour je donneray, je lairray, pour, je laisseray, c estoit une syncope.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Syncope — Syn co*pe, n. [L. syncope, syncopa, Gr. ? a cutting up, a syncope; akin to ? to beat together, to cut up, cut short, weavy; sy n with + ? to strike, cut.] 1. (Gram.) An elision or retrenchment of one or more letters or syllables from the middle… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • syncope — c.1400, from L.L. syncopen contraction of a word, acc. of syncope, from Gk. synkope, contraction of a word, originally a cutting off, from synkoptein to cut up, from syn together, thoroughly + koptein to cut. In pathology, failure of the heart s… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Syncŏpe — (gr.), s. Synkope …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • syncope — фр. [сэнко/п], англ. [си/нкэпи] Synkope нем. [синко/пэ] синкопа …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • syncope — ► NOUN 1) Medicine temporary loss of consciousness caused by low blood pressure. 2) Grammar the omission of sounds or letters from within a word, for example when library is pronounced . ORIGIN Greek sunkop , from sun together + koptein strike,… …   English terms dictionary

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