scrapie

scrapie
A communicable spongiform encephalopathy of the central nervous system of sheep and goats caused by a prion and characterized by a very long incubation period followed by pruritus, abnormalities of gait, and invariably death; it resembles Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and kuru in humans. [from scraping by affected animals against objects to relieve itching]

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scra·pie 'skrā-pē n a usu. fatal spongiform encephalopathy esp. of sheep that is caused by a prion and is characterized by twitching, excitability, intense itching, excessive thirst, emaciation, weakness, and finally paralysis

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scra·pie (skraґpe) the first of the prion diseases to be recognized, occurring in sheep and goats and characterized by severe pruritus, muscular incoordination, and increasing debility, ending in death.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Scrapie — is a fatal, degenerative disease that affects the nervous systems of sheep and goats.cite journal author=Detwiler LA title=Scrapie journal=Rev. Off. Int. Epizoot. volume=11 issue=2 pages=491–537 year=1992 pmid=1617202 doi=] It is one of several… …   Wikipedia

  • scrapie — scrapie. Hейрологическое заболевание, известное у домашних овец и коз (у человека аналогичные нарушения отнесены к синдрому Кройцфельдта Якоба); способ воспроизводства возбудителей пока окончательно не выяснен они названы прионами <prions> …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • scrapie — [skrā′pē] n. a fatal, degenerative nervous disease of sheep and goats …   English World dictionary

  • Scrapie — Gestörte Körperhaltung (und Gangstörung) bei einem an Scrapie erkrankten Schaf. Scrapie (von engl. scrape „kratzen“, „schaben“) oder Traberkrankheit (Paraplegia enzootica), seltener auch Gnubberkrankheit, Wetzkrankheit oder Rida, ist eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • scrapie — /skray pee, skrap ee/, n. Vet. Pathol. an infectious, usually fatal brain disease of sheep, characterized by twitching of the neck and head, grinding of the teeth, and scraping of itching portions of skin against fixed objects with a subsequent… …   Universalium

  • Scrapie — Scra|pie 〈[ skrɛıpı] f.; ; unz.〉 der BSE ähnliche, vor allem bei Schafen auftretende Tierseuche, bei der das Zentralnervensystem mit tödlicher Folge erkrankt, Traberkrankheit [engl., vielleicht zu scrappy „kratzen, schaben; sich (gerade noch)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Scrapie — Tremblante du mouton La tremblante du mouton, également appelée gratte ou scrapie (mot anglais qui vient du verbe to scrape qui signifie gratter) est une maladie animale à prions, du groupe des encéphalopathies spongieuses transmissibles (ESST),… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Scrapie — Scra|pie [ skreipi:] die; , auch Scra|pie|krank|heit die; <aus gleichbed. engl. scrapie zu to scrape »kratzen, (ab)schaben«> Traberkrankheit (der ↑BSE ähnliche, vor allem bei Schafen auftretende Tierseuche; Tiermed.) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • scrapie — noun Etymology: 1scrape Date: 1910 a usually fatal spongiform encephalopathy especially of sheep that is caused by a prion and is characterized by twitching, intense itching, excessive thirst, emaciation, weakness, and finally paralysis …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • scrapie — A chronic neurological disease of sheep and goats, similar to other spongiform encephalopathies and much used as a model for studying the diseases. Controversy still surrounds the nature of the transmissible agent slow viruses are proposed by… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • scrapie — noun A degenerative prion disease of sheep and goats that attacks the central nervous system …   Wiktionary

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