- sampling
- The policy of inferring the
*behavior*of a whole batch by studying a*fraction*of it. [MF essample, fr. L. exemplum, taking out]-**biological s.**denotes s. that can be taken without jeopardy to the whole*organism*( e.g., for hematological or*biochemical*study). Because of the*complexity*of biological samples it is usually supposed that the source of the*sample*is thoroughly mixed and hence representative; this*assumption*is often not true, e.g., in*genetic*studies in*mosaic*patients.-a*chemical*s.*sample*that is obtained by whatever means is convenient and then purified of irrelevant elements before*analysis*; the*assumption*of thorough*mixing*is not necessary.-**continuous interleaved s.**a strategy in*speech**processing*for*cochlear*implants in which brief pulses are presented to each*electrode*in a nonoverlapping*sequence*.-the assembly of*haphazard*s.*data*in an unprescribed and undefined fashion that allows no*sound*scientific inferences other than establishing the existence of types. (*Finding*even one*unicorn*in such a set would establish that unicorns can exist, but no*inference*about their*prevalence*could be made from it.) Cf.:random sample.-a*random*s.*selection*of elements from a*population*such that each possible outcome is independent of other possible outcomes and the*probability*of each*member*of the*population*being chosen is equal.-**snowball s.**a*method*whereby the names of prospective*interview*subjects for a statistical*study*are obtained from subjects already interviewed for the*study*.* * *

**sam·pling 'sam-pliŋ***n***1)**the act, process, or technique of selecting a suitable sample*specif*the act, process, or technique of selecting a representative part of a population for the purpose of determining parameters or characteristics of the whole population**2)****SAMPLE***<obtain a \sampling of urine>** * *

sam·pling (samґpling) the selection or making of a sample.

*Medical dictionary.
2011.*