Infection with bacteria of the genus Salmonella. Patients with sickle cell anemia and compromised immune systems are particularly susceptible. [Salmonella + G. -osis, condition]

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sal·mo·nel·lo·sis .sal-mə'lō-səs n, pl -lo·ses -.sēz infection with or disease caused by bacteria of the genus Salmonella typically marked by gastroenteritis but often complicated by septicemia, meningitis, endocarditis, and various focal lesions (as in the kidneys)

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an infestation of the digestive system by bacteria of the genus Salmonella. See also food poisoning.

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sal·mo·nel·lo·sis (sal″mo-nəl-oґsis) infection with a species of Salmonella; in humans it is most often manifested as food poisoning with acute gastroenteritis, vomiting, diarrhea, and occasionally septicemia; typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever are also Salmonella infections. Recurrent fevers and diarrhea with more serious gastrointestinal symptoms are seen in immunocompromised patients. Salmonella infections also cause abortions in horses and sheep and diarrhea and typhus in chickens.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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