An acute but mild exanthematous disease caused by r. virus (Rubivirus family Togaviridae), with enlargement of lymph node s, but usually with little fever or constitutional reaction; a high incidence of birth defects in children results from maternal infection during the first trimester of fetal life (congenital r. syndrome). SYN: epidemic roseola, German measles, röteln, roetheln, third disease, three-day measles. [L. rubellus, fem. -a, reddish, dim. of ruber, red]

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ru·bel·la rü-'bel-ə n GERMAN MEASLES see MATERNAL RUBELLA

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ru·bel·la (roo-belґə) [L., from rubellus reddish, from ruber red] an acute, usually benign, infectious disease caused by viruses of genus Rubivirus, a togavirus, affecting most often children and nonimmune young adults. The virus enters the respiratory tract via droplet nuclei and spreads to the lymphatic system. The first symptoms are a slight cold, sore throat, and fever, followed by enlargement of the postauricular, suboccipital, and cervical lymph nodes, and later appearance of a fine pink rash that begins on the head and spreads to become generalized. Transplacental infection of the fetus as a result of maternal infection in the first trimester can cause death of the conceptus or developmental anomalies in the newborn infant (see congenital rubella syndrome, under syndrome). Called also German measles and three-day measles. In French and Spanish the word rubeola is used for this disease.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • rubella — u*bel la, n. [NL., fr. L. rubellus reddish.] (Med.) An acute but mild viral infection characterized by a dusky red cutaneous eruption resembling that of measles, but attended by only mild respiratory problems or fever; called also {German… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rubella — German measles, 1883, Modern Latin, lit. rash, from neuter plural of L. rubellus reddish, dim. of ruber red (see RED (Cf. red)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • rubella — ► NOUN ▪ a contagious disease transmitted by a virus and with symptoms like mild measles; German measles. ORIGIN Latin, reddish things …   English terms dictionary

  • rubella — [ro͞o bel′ə] n. [ModL, neut. pl. of L rubellus, reddish < ruber,RED] a mild, infectious, communicable viral disease, characterized by swollen glands, esp. of the back of the head and neck, and small red spots on the skin; German measles …   English World dictionary

  • Rubella — eMedicine2|derm|259 MeshID = D012409Rubella, commonly known as German measles, is a disease caused by Rubella virus. The name is derived from the Latin, meaning little red . Rubella is also known as German measles because the disease was first… …   Wikipedia

  • Rubella — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 B06.0 Röteln mit neurologischen Komplikationen B26.8 Röteln mit sonstigen Komplikationen B26.9 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • rubella — /rooh bel euh/, n. Pathol. a usually mild contagious viral disease characterized by fever, mild upper respiratory congestion, and a fine red rash lasting a few days: if contracted by a woman during early pregnancy, it may cause serious damage to… …   Universalium

  • Rubella — Virus de la rubéole …   Wikipédia en Français

  • rubella — Measles Mea sles, n.; pl. in form, but used as singular in senses 1, 2, & 3. [D. mazelen; akin to G. masern, pl., and E. mazer, and orig. meaning, little spots. See {Mazer}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Med.) A contagious viral febrile disorder commencing …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rubella — A moderately contagious skin disease that occurs primarily in children 5 to 9 years of age that is caused by the rubella virus, which is acquired by droplet inhalation into the respiratory system; German measles …   Dictionary of microbiology

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