psilocybin

psilocybin
The N′,N′ -dimethyl derivative of 4-hydroxytryptamine; obtained from the fruiting bodies of the fungus Psilocybe mexicana and other species of Psilocybe and Stropharia. P. is a congener of 5-hydroxytryptamine, with striking central nervous system effects, and is readily hydrolyzed to 4-hydroxybufotenine; used as a hallucinogenic agent (and by Mexican aborigines to induce trances). SYN: indocybin.

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psi·lo·cy·bin .sī-lə-'sī-bən n a hallucinogenic indole C12H17N2O4P obtained from a basidiomycetous fungus (as Psilocybe mexicana or P. cubensis syn. Stropharia cubensis)

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psi·lo·cy·bin (si″lo-siґbin) a hallucinogenic crystalline compound with indole characteristics, isolated from mushrooms of the genus Psilocybe, especially P. mexicana Heim.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Psilocybin —   [griechisch] das, s, Indolalkaloid, das in Form wasserlöslicher farbloser Kristalle aus dem mexikanischen Rauschpilz Psilocybe mexicana gewonnen wird (Psilocybingehalt etwa 0,3 %). Psilocybin ist neben Haschisch, Mescalin und LSD das… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • psilocybin — 1958, from Mod.L. psilocybe, name of a Central Amer. species of mushroom, from Gk. psilos bare (akin to psen to rub ) + kybe head …   Etymology dictionary

  • psilocybin — [sī΄lə sī′bin, sil΄əsī′bin] n. [< ModL Psilocybe < Gr psilos, bare (akin to psēn, to rub: see PSORIASIS) + kybē, head + IN1] a hallucinogenic drug obtained from a fungus (genus Psilocybe, esp. P. mexicana) …   English World dictionary

  • Psilocybin — Psilocybin …   Wikipedia

  • Psilocybin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Psilocybin Andere …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Psilocybin —    A hallucinogenic or entheogenic alkaloid (4 phosphoryloxyN, N dimethyltryptamine) of the tryptamine family present in many species of fungi, the best known being the genus Psilocybe, including Psilocybe cubensis and Psilocybe semilanceata… …   Historical dictionary of shamanism

  • Psilocybin mushrooms — (also called psilocybian mushrooms or teónanácatl) are fungi mainly of the psilocybe genus that contain the psychedelic substances psilocybin and psilocin, and occasionally other psychoactive tryptamines. There are multiple colloquial terms for… …   Wikipedia

  • Psilocybin mushroom — Magic Mushroom redirects here. For other uses, see Magic Mushroom (disambiguation). Psychedelic mushroom redirects here. It is not to be confused with Psychoactive mushroom. Psilocybe cubensis Psilocybin mushrooms are fungi that contain the… …   Wikipedia

  • psilocybin and hallucinations —    The term psilocybin comes from the Greek words psilos (bald) and kubè (head). It refers to an alkaloid of the tryptamine group that can be found in no fewer than 80 species of hallucinogenic mushrooms belonging to the Psilocybe genus (i.e.… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • psilocybin — noun Etymology: New Latin Psilocybe, fungus genus + 1 in Date: 1958 a hallucinogenic indole C12H17N2O4P obtained from a fungus (as Psilocybe mexicana or P. cubensis syn. Stropharia cubensis) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • psilocybin — /sil euh suy bin, suy leuh /, n. Pharm. a hallucinogenic crystalline solid, C12H17N2O4P, obtained from the mushroom Psilocybe mexicana. [1955 60; < NL Psilocyb(e) genus of mushrooms ( < Gk psiló(s) bare + kýbe head) + IN2] * * * …   Universalium

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